The Russell Family
An historical and photographic perspective

Robert Russell & Agnes Adam | Robert Russell & Chesterfield Sime Aimer
Robert Russell & Jessie Smith | Captain Robert Russell & Agnes Hunter
Winifred Russell & Jock Waugh | Joy Russell & Jock Waugh

Janet, Elizabeth and Margaret Russell, from Scotland to Salt Lake City, Utah, the Mormon Migration

Index of Official Parish Registries and Statutory Registries for Births, Marriages and Deaths

The Waugh Family Library

Dundee Delineated, by A. Colville and Alex Sandeman, 1822 (12 MB pdf)
Jute Spinning, William Leggatt, Dundee, May, 1893 (9 MB pdf)
A Voyage to the Arctic in the Whaler Aurora, by David Moore Lindsay, 1911 (12 MB pdf)

Map showing Coats and the Faskine Coal Work in the Parish of Old Monkland to the East of Glasgow and West of Airdrie, 1816
Map showing Coats and the Faskine Coal Work in the Parish of Old Monkland to the East of Glasgow and West of Airdrie, 1816

 

Robert Russell &

Agnes Adam
Born: Dec 9, 1787 Born: about 1793
Place: Coats, Old Monkland, Lanarkshire Place: Old Monkland, Lanarkshire
Married: April 14, 1811
Place: Old Monkland, Lanarkshire
Died: June 1, 1828 Died: April 2, 1877
Place: New Monkland, Lanarkshire Place: Chapelhall, Bothwell, Lanarkshire
Buried: Buried:

Agnes Adam & Mark Mounsey
Janet Russell & Thomas Widdison | Elizabeth Russell & Andrew Mark Wardrobe | Elizabeth Russell Wardrobe & John Gray
Robert Russell & Chesterfield Sime Aimer

Janet, Elizabeth and Margaret Russell, from Scotland to Salt Lake City, Utah, the Mormon Migration

Agnes Adam's parents were Charles Adam & Janet Thom.

Robert Russell (coalminer) may have been born Dec 9, 1787, and his father may have been Robert Russell, Collier in Coats, Old Monkland, (born on March 1, 1761, to George Russell, miller in Coates). Robert's mother may have also have been named Janet Thom. Robert Russell (collier in Coats) and Janet Thom may have had at least three children: John (born July 3, 1785); Robert (born Dec 9, 1787); and Isabel (born April 4, 1790). - from Scotland's People

Robert Russell, collier in Coates born Dec 9, 1787, son of George Russell, miller in Coates
Robert Russell, collier in Coates born Dec 9, 1787, son of George Russell, miller in Coates
Coates (Coatesbridge) is in the middle of the map just to the east of Dundivan at the crossroads
From "A map of the shire of Lanark", Charles Ross, 1773

Janet Thom's parents may have been John Thom and Ann Forsyth. John Thom and Ann Forsyth had at least two children: James (born Jan 6, 1754); and Janet (born Sept 9, 1764), both born in Airdrie or New Monkland. - from Scotland's People Janet Thom's parents could also have been James Thom and Agnes Chalmbers. They had at least four children: John (born April 19, 1763); Robert (born March 10, 1765); Janet (born March 3, 1767); and Agnes (born July 9, 1769), all born in Burnibrae, Airdrie (or New Monkland). - Scotland's People

Robert Russell and Agnes Adam were married April 14, 1811, in Old Monkland, Lanarkshire. They had at least four children: Janet Russell (b. March 8, 1812); Elisabeth Russell (b. Oct 27, 1814); Margaret Russell (b. June 15, 1817); and Robert Russell (b. Sept 4, 1819).

Children Born Place Died Place
Janet Russell March 8, 1812 Old Monkland, Lanarkshire Nov 14, 1889* Salt Lake City, Utah*
Elisabeth Russell Oct 27, 1814 Barony, Lanarkshire Oct 4, 1904** Genesee, Latah, Idaho**
Margaret Russell June 15, 1817 Old Monkland, Lanarkshire    
ROBERT RUSSELL Sept 4, 1819 Barony, Lanarkshire Feb 3, 1870 Larbert, Stirlingshire

* from A Sketch in the Life of the Thomas Widdison Family of Scotland and England
** from
familysearch.org Ancestral File

Slavery in the Coal Mines of Scotland

It has been observed by coal-masters...

From The Statistical Account of Scotland, 1791-1799, vol. 7 page 390
From The Statistical Account of Scotland, 1791-1799, vol. 7 page 390

The process of emancipation began with an Act of Parliament of 1775 which freed the colliers in age-groups - those under 21 and between 35 and 44 were to be freed in 7 years, those between 21 and 34 were to be freed in 10 years and those over 45 were to be freed in 3 years. The liberation of the father freed the family. However, gaining freedom required a formal legal application before a Sheriff and a great many colliers continued to be bound until 1799 when an Act was passed that all colliers in Scotland were "to be free from their servitude". - from Early Mining History, scottishmining.co.uk

In 1775, Robert Russell (son of George and "collier") was 14 years old and may have already been working in the mine. In 1799, he was 38. Read more about Slavery in the Coal Mines of Scotland

Govan and Faskine Collieries and the Monkland Canal

Robert Gray was one of the Glasgow coal masters who formed a cartel between 1813 and 1817 to keep up the price of coal. The cartel acquired the Govan Colliery in Glasgow and the Faskine Colliery between Coatbridge and Airdrie. - from Gray of Carntyne and Anstruther Gray of Kilmany

Robert Russell (born Dec 9, 1787) may have been a coal agent who worked at both. According to the OPR's, in 1812, Robert worked at the Faskine Coal Works, in 1814 at Port Dundas, in 1817 at Faskine and in 1819 at Port Dundas. Robert Russell was a Labourer in Port Dundas, Glasgow, at the time of his son's baptism in 1819. He may have been a labourer shipping coal on the Monkland Canal from Faskine to Port Dundas for the Glasgow market.

Map showing Port Dundas, Barony Parish, in relation to Glasgow, 1832
Map showing Port Dundas and Woodlands, Barony Parish, in relation to Glasgow, 1832

Horse pulling a barge along the Monkland Canal
Horse pulling a barge along the Monkland Canal

The Monkland Canal was conceived in 1769 as a cheap way of bringing coal into Glasgow from the coalfields of the Monklands area. The engineer James Watt was asked to survey a route, and suggested two alternative schemes; one costing £20,317, with 25 locks which would end at Glasgow Green on the River Clyde, and the other costing £9,653, which would not need any locks, but would include a tramway from its terminus at Germiston into the city... Construction was supervised by Watt, with work beginning on 26 June 1770 at Sheepford. Financial difficulties brought the project to a halt after about two years, and it was not until 1789 that construction restarted, under the direction of the Monklands landowner Andrew Stirling. He negotiated with the Forth and Clyde Canal Company for a physical connection with their canal near Port Dundas, and he promoted a new parliamentary bill to authorise the connection joining of the two canals and the extension of the canal to Calderbank in the east. The junction with the Forth and Clyde Canal was made in 1791, and the whole canal was completed in 1794. Water supply was from the North Calder Water at Woodhall, ultimately supplied by a new reservoir at Hillend, which was constructed by the Forth and Clyde Canal Company and completed in 1799... The opening of the canal heralded an increase in coal mining in the area. Initial activity was on the Faskine and Palacecraig estates, which were on the eastern extension. In 1820 the city of Glasgow was consuming "half a million tons of coal a year, almost all of it subject to the high tolls on the Monkland Canal". In 1828 a rival company claimed that The Monkland Canal had "for many years yielded a dividend of Cent. per Cent ... arising solely on its Tolls on coal". Traffic was further augmented by the construction of ironworks at Coatbridge around 1825. - from Wikipedia

Read more about "The Rise And Progress of Coatbridge And Surrounding Neighbourhood"

In the Glasgow Post Office Annual Directory for 1829-30, a Robert Russell was a coal agent living at 17 Stockwell Street, Glasgow. A listing for him does not appear on any of the other directories before or after this one. He may have died on June 1, 1828 and the listing for him published for the following year.

Russell, Robert, coal agent, 17 Stockwell, Glasgow
Russell, Robert, coal agent, 17 Stockwell, Glasgow
From The Post-Office Annual Directory for 1829-30, Glasgow

Map showing Stockwell Street (center) in Glasgow
Map showing Stockwell Street (center) in Glasgow, John Thompson, 1832

1816 ..........

William Thom Adam & Isobel Laird

Agnes Adam's brother William Thom Adam married Isobel Laird on April 21, 1816, in Old Monkland. He died on Jan 5, 1875, in Gilroy, Santa Clara County, California. William T. Adam and Isobel Laird had at least twelve children: Margaret (born Aug 25, 1816); Janet (born Jan 4, 1818); Isabella (born about 1820 - from Findagrave for Margaret Ada Adam Henderson and New Orleans Passenger List); Agnes (born Sept 13, 1821 - from Mormom Pioneer Overland Travel, LDS Church History); Catharine (Katie) (born Aug 3, 1823); Mary (born July 3, 1825); Charles (born July 1, 1827); Jamima (born Nov 16, 1831); Robina (born March 16, 1834); William (born Aug 21, 1836); David (born April 3, 1837); and Alexander (born June 30, 1839). - Scotland's People

Isobel Laird probably died between 1841 and 1845 (and may have died on Sept 1, 1841 - from Scotland's People).

 

1828 ..........

Robert Russell (born Dec 9, 1787) probably died on June 1, 1828, in New Monkland at the age of 41.

 

Janet Russell married Thomas Widdison (born May 6, 1806, in Sheffield, Yorkshire, England) on Sept 1, 1829, in Old Monkland. Apparently, "Thomas left his home in Sheffield and went to Scotland to work for Robert Russell Jr. who was a file cutter. Thomas went to learn the trade. It was there where he met Janet whom he married later." Janet Russell and Thomas Widdison had seven children: Agnes (born Dec 28, 1830, in Shotts); Hannah (born Jan 15, 1838, in Sheffield, England); Henry Thomas (born June 6, 1841, in Chapelhall, Bothwell); Robert Russell (born March 21, 1844); William Livingston (born Sept 21, 1846); John (born 1848); and James Gourley (born Jan 12, 1853). Henry Thomas and John died as children. - from A Sketch in the Life of the Thomas Widdison Family of Scotland and England

Editor's Note: Thomas Widdison may have learned to be a file cutter from Mark Mounsey (Janet's stepfather). Robert Russell, Jr. was a coal agent. Mark Mounsey was a file cutter.

 

1830 ..........

Agnes Adam Russell & Mark Mounsey

Agnes Adam (widow of Robert Russell) married Mark Mounsey (son of William Mounsey & Elizabeth Wainwright) on Dec 12, 1830, in Old Monkland (or Coatbridge) Parish. They had at least two children: Agnes Adam (born Oct 9, 1831) and Charles (born Oct 22, 1837).

Agnes Mounsey & William Brotherton | Charles Mounsey & Margaret Kerr

Agnes, daughter of Mark Mounsey, file cutter, and Agnes Adam
Agnes, daughter of Mark Mounsey, file cutter, and Agnes Adam
See original document

 

1833 ..........

Margaret Adam & David Henderson

Margaret Adam (daughter of William T. Adam and Isobel Laird) married David Henderson on June 23, 1833. They had at least eight children: William (born Nov 17, 1833, in Coatbridge); Isabel (born about 1835); Margaret (born about 1837); Charles (born July 21, 1839, in Old Monkland or Coatbridge, and died before 1849); David (born about 1842); Janet (born about 1844); Mary Adam (born about 1847); and Charles Adam (born 1849). - Scotland's People, 1841 Scotland Census and Liverpool to New Orleans Ship List

David Henderson died in the 1849 cholera outbreak in St. Louis, Missouri, and his infant son Charles probably died there, too.

 

Elizabeth Russell married Andrew Mark Wardrop (Wardrobe), silver chaser, on Aug 30, 1835, in Bothwell parish and registered the marriage in Glasgow parish on Sept 18. See the certificate from Glasgow of Sept 14, 1835. Andrew may have been born (2nd child) in Glasgow on April 19, 1812, and his parents may have been Daniel Wardrope and Isabel Aitcheson. Daniel Wardrobe and Isobel Aitchison had at least five children: John (born Jan 30, 1810); Andrew (born April 19, 1812); Isobel (born May 22, 1814); Robert (born May 16, 1816); and George (born Sept 30, 1818) all born in Glasgow or Barony. (Scotlands People)

Elizabeth and Andrew had two children: Agnes (born Aug 21, 1836, in Glasgow) and Andrew (born Aug 3, 1837, in Glasgow- from familysearch.org Ancestral File). Agnes Wardrobe probably died before 1841.

Aunt Jess (Great Aunt Jessie Wardrobe-Blackburn) stated that when Elizabeth married Andrew (I believe they were married in 1835), Elizabeth's mother was very upset. Andrew was a tradesman (a jeweler or "gold smith") and the Russell's belonged to the Gentry set. Her mother thought that Elizabeth had "lowered" herself in marrying a tradesman. - from Eleaine Alberti, great-great-great granddaughter of Andrew Wardrobe ED. NOTE: It should be noted that Agnes Adam's death certificate indicates that Robert Russell was a "coalminer".

 

1836 ..........

Isabella Adam & Robert Grant

Isabella Adam (daughter of William Thom Adam and Isobel Laird) married Robert Grant on Nov 27, 1836, in Bothwell. The marriage was also registered in his parish of Old Monkland. They had at least four children: John (born Aug 13, 1837, in Bothwell); Isabella (born about 1840); William (born about 1842); and Agnes (born about 1844). Everyone in the family except John died in the 1849 cholera outbreak in St. Louis, Missouri.

William Laird Adam

I, William Laird Adam, first saw the light of day at Old Swallow Haugh near Calder Ironworks, Parish of Old Monkland, Lanarkshire Scotland August 7th, 1836, and am the eleventh in a family of twelve born to my father Wiliam Thom Adam and Isabella Laird, his wife. My father in his younger days followed the occupation of a coal and ironstone miner, but before he reached middle life he took contracts to take out the minerals and often employed quite a number of men. My mother, being of industrious habit, and with the aid of the older children managed a dairy and kept a shop for the sale of provisions, etc. and both being workers managed to acquire quite a little property long before my recollection.

A tradition existed in our family that we originally sprng from the Macdonalds of the Isles, that three of that clan came to the lowlands, the better to conceal themselves, and changed their names to Adam, probably on account of their adhesion to the cause of Prince Charlie.

 - from the Memoirs of William Laird Adam, California Pioneer, 1836-1903

 

1837 ..........

Charles Mounsey (son of Agnes Adam and Mark Mounsey) was born on Oct 22, 1837, in Chapelhall, Bothwell Parish.

 

1838 ..........

Andrew Wardrop, Sr. (25 year old "silver chaser") died on May 27, 1838, in Glasgow and is buried in the Old Churchyard.

 

1841 ..........

1841 Scotland Census - Chapelhall, Bothwell, Lanarkshire
Agnes Adam & Mark Mounsey
Robert Russell working as a File Cutter in Chapelhall

Name: Robert Russell
Age: 20
Estimated birth year: abt 1821
Gender: Male
Where born: Lanarkshire, Scotland
Civil Parish: Bothwell Holytown
County: Lanarkshire
Address: Chapelhale
Occupation: File Cutter
Parish Number: 625
Household Members:
Name Age
Mark Mounsey 45
Agness Mounsey 45
Agness Mounsey 10
Charles Mounsey 5
Charles Chalbeck 15
Robert Russell 20

Source Citation: Parish: Annan; ED: 3A; Page:  6; Line: 810; Roll: CSSCT1841_141-0165; Year: 1841. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1841 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2006. Original data: 1841 Scotland Census. Edinburgh, Scotland: General Register Office for Scotland. Reels 1-151. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1841 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 6 June 1841.

Agnes Mounsey is Agnes Adam. Mark Mounsey's occupation is also file cutter.

Nature and Symptoms of the File Cutter's Disease

Nature and Symptoms of the File Cutter's Disease
Nature and Symptoms of the File Cutter's Disease
From
The British Medical Journal, Volume for 1857

When Robert Russell died in 1870, the cause of death was given as "spinal disease".

File Cutters
File Cutters

The filecutters' disease is poisoning by lead. Files are not cut by the machine in Sheffield, as machine-cut files are considered very inferior to those cut by hand. A file with 1000 cuts on each side is made with a hammer and chisel, and a man working ten hours can do about twenty such files in a day. The cutter uses a leather stirrup, which is for the purpose of holding the file upon an anvil inclosed in a stone stock. The file, while being cut, rests upon a bed of lead, and where many are cutting in the same shop, fine particles of lead dust abound. In cutting files it is the custom of the men to wet the thumb and finger of the left hand by putting them to the mouth and so moistening them with their saliva. At every shifting, and when the file has to be turned, the lead is handled, and thus in a variety of ways it is absorbed into the system. The men eat their meals without washing their hands, and often take dinner in the workshop where the files are cut; as though fine lead-dust, handling the lead at each shifting, and licking the fingers were not sufficiently poisonous! I saw in one of the filecutter's shops during the last few weeks a man whose wife had just brought him his dinner, eating it with unwashed hands, and dipping his fingers, blacked and covered with fine lead-dust, into a paper which contained the salt for seasoning his beef. - from the Illustrated London News, January/March, 1866

1841 Scotland Census - Chapelhall, Bothwell, Lanarkshire
Janet Russell & Thomas Widdison and family

Name: Janet Weddeson
Age: 25
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1816
Gender: Female
Where born: Lanarkshire, Scotland
   
Civil parish: Bothwell Holytown
County: Lanarkshire
Address: Chapelhale
Parish Number: 625
Household Members:
Name Age
Thos Weddeson 30
Janet Weddeson 25
Agness Weddeson 10
Hannah Weddeson 3
Henry Thos Weddeson 1 MO

Source Citation: Parish: Annan; ED: 3A; Page:  6; Line: 810; Roll: CSSCT1841_141-0165; Year: 1841. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1841 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2006. Original data: 1841 Scotland Census. Edinburgh, Scotland: General Register Office for Scotland. Reels 1-151. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1841 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 6 June 1841.

Thomas's occupation is listed as "file smith".

Chapelhall is only 2 miles South of Airdrie and 2miles Northeast of Holytown and near the Faskine Coalworks.

Map showing Chapel (Chapelhall) 2 miles Northeast of Holytown
1832 Map showing Chapel (Chapelhall) 2 miles Northeast of Holytown

Chapelhall, a village, in the late quoad sacra parish of Holytown, parish of Bothwell, Middle ward of county Lanark ; containing 1431 inhabitants. This village is chiefly inhabited by persons employed in the collieries and mines in the immediate vicinity, and in the extensive iron and steel works of the Monkland Company, which have been long established in the neighbourhood. There is a place of worship for members of the United Associate Synod ; and schools for the instruction of children are supported by the proprietors of the several works. - from A topographical dictionary of Scotland, Samuel Lewis, 1846

1841 Scotland Census - Airdrie, Lanarkshire
Elizabeth Russell Wardrop, Andrew Wardrop and Margaret Russell

Name: Elisabeth Wardrop
Age: 25
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1816
Gender: Female
Where born: Lanarkshire, Scotland
   
Civil parish: Airdrie
County: Lanarkshire
Address: Airdrie Graham Street
Parish Number: 651
Household Members:
Name Age
David McRobertson 30
Colin Robertson 20
Andrew Wardrop 2
Elisabeth Wardrop 25
Margret Russell 10

Source Citation: Parish: Airdrie; ED: 7A; Page:  1; Line: 480; Roll:  ; Year: 1841. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1841 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: 1841 Scotland Census. Edinburgh, Scotland: General Register Office for Scotland. Reels 1-151. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1841 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 6 June 1841. The following information was requested: name, age, gender, profession, and birthplace.

 

 - William Thom Adam & Isobel Laird and their children -

1841 Scotland Census - Brewsterford, Bothwell, Lanarkshire
Agnes Adam's brother William Thom Adam & Isobel Laird and their family

Name: William Adam
Age: 45
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1796
Gender: Male
Where born: Lanarkshire, Scotland
   
Civil parish: Bothwell Holytown
County: Lanarkshire
Address: Brewsterford
Occupation: Grocer
Parish Number: 625
Household Members:
Name Age
William Adam 45
Isabel Adam 46
Agnes Adam 20
Catharine Adam 20
Mary Adam 16
Charles Adam 13
Jennina Adam 9
William Adam 5
Alexander Adam 2

Source Citation: Parish: Bothwell Holytown; ED: 1; Page: 34; Line: 790; Year: 1841. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1841 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: 1841 Scotland Census. Edinburgh, Scotland: General Register Office for Scotland. Reels 1-151. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1841 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 6 June 1841. The following information was requested: name, age, gender, profession, and birthplace.

1841 Scotland Census - Brewsterford, Bothwell, Lanarkshire
Margaret Adam & David Henderson

Name: David Henderson
Age: 30
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1811
Gender: Male
Where born: Lanarkshire, Scotland
   
Civil parish: Bothwell Holytown
County: Lanarkshire
Address: Brewsterford
Occupation: Iron M
Parish Number: 625
Household Members:
Name Age
David Henderson 30
Margaret Henderson 24
William Henderson 7
Isabel Henderson 6
Margaret Henderson 3
James Crookstone 3

Source Citation: Parish: Bothwell Holytown; ED: 1; Page: 33; Line: 450; Year: 1841. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1841 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: 1841 Scotland Census. Edinburgh, Scotland: General Register Office for Scotland. Reels 1-151. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1841 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 6 June 1841. The following information was requested: name, age, gender, profession, and birthplace.

1841 Scotland Census - Brewsterford, Bothwell, Lanarkshire
Isabella Adam & Robert Grant

Name: Robert Grant
Age: 25
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1816
Gender: Male
Where born: Scotland
   
Civil parish: Bothwell Holytown
County: Lanarkshire
Address: Brewsterford
Occupation: Coal M
Parish Number: 625
Household Members:
Name Age
Robert Grant 25
Isabella Grant 21
John Grant 3
Isabella Grant 2

Source Citation: Parish: Bothwell Holytown; ED: 1; Page: 31; Line: 1380; Year: 1841. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1841 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: 1841 Scotland Census. Edinburgh, Scotland: General Register Office for Scotland. Reels 1-151. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1841 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 6 June 1841. The following information was requested: name, age, gender, profession, and birthplace.

1841 Scotland Census - Carnbroe, Bothwell, Lanarkshire
Robert Easton & Elizabeth Laird

Name: Robert Easton
Age: 45
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1796
Gender: Male
Where born: Lanarkshire, Scotland
   
Civil parish: Bothwell Holytown
County: Lanarkshire
Address: Carnbroe Upper Row No 24
Occupation: Coal M
Parish Number: 625
Household Members:
Name Age
Robert Easton 45
Elizabeth Easton 45
Robert Easton 20
James Easton 15
George Easton 13
Matthew Easton 11
Barbara Easton 15
Margret Easton 7
Jean Easton 7

Source Citation: Parish: Bothwell Holytown; ED: 2; Page: 8; Line: 640; Year: 1841. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1841 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: 1841 Scotland Census. Edinburgh, Scotland: General Register Office for Scotland. Reels 1-151. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1841 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 6 June 1841. The following information was requested: name, age, gender, profession, and birthplace.

James Easton & Margaret Adam

James Easton married Agnes Adam (in 1844) and Margaret Adam (after the death of David Henderson in 1849) (both are daughters of William Thom Adam & Isobel Laird). George Easton married Jemina Laird Adam (daughter of William Thom Adam and Isobel Laird) on May 12, 1852, in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Catherine Adam & James Patrick

Catherine Adam (daughter of William Thom Adam and Isobel Laird) married James Patrick on Aug 13, 1841, in Old Monkland. They had at least six children: Isabella Laird (born May 25, 1842); Alexander (born March 18, 1844); Mary Chapman (born May 10, 1846); William Adam (born Sept 24, 1848); Jemima Adam (born Jan 5, 1851); Charles Adam (born Feb 12, 1854) - Scotland's People and Alexander (born about 1856); Catherina (born about 1858); Annie J. (born about 1860); and Jemima (born about 1865). - 1861 & 1871 Scotland Census

 

1842 ..........

Mark Mounsey started the Mounsey File Works in Chapelhall in 1842. - from The Mounsey File Works at Chapelhall and the Canal File Works at Camelon

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints

Robert Easton was baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints on April 19, 1842, and Elizabeth Laird was baptized on March 18, 1844. - from List of Names in the Airdrie Branch of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, 16th July 1848

On Aug 10, 1842, Robert Russell was baptized by James Thompson of the Glasgow Conference. - from Dundee Branch Register

Agnes (Widdison) was baptized a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints in 1842 by William Livingston, and her sister Hannah, was baptized in 1853 by Joseph Morris. The following is a membership certificate Agnes carried with her when she left Scotland for emigration to America.

MEMBERSHIP CERTIFICATE
We hereby certify that Agnes Widdison is a member of the Chapel Hall Branch of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints of the Glasgow Conference, in good standing; and as such we recommend her to any branch with which she may desire to unite. Date 13 February 1853.
- Paul Gourlay, President & John Scott, Secretary

This certificate is not intended to be shown to the private members of a branch, but it should be presented to, and be retained by, the presiding officer of the branch of which you desire to become a member.

- from Agnes Widdison

 

1843 ..........

Robert Russell, Jr. married Chesterfield Aimer in Dundee on Nov 6, 1843 in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (the Mormon Church). Chesterfield was baptized and confirmed on July 15, 1844. - from Dundee Branch Register

Dundee Branch Register of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints showing Robert and Chesterfield Russell
Dundee Branch Register of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints showing Robert and Chesterfield Russell
See original document

At this time, there were only about 1,000 members of the Mormon Church in all of Scotland. - from The Ebb and Flow of Mormonism in Scotland, by Frederck S. Buchanan

 

1844 ..........

Agnes Adam & James Easton

Agnes Adam (daughter of William T. Adam and Isobel Laird) married James Easton (son of Robert Easton and Elizabeth Laird from Bothwell born July 23, 1823) on Jan 7, 1844, in Bothwell, Lanarkshire. - FamilySearch.org Agnes Adam and James Easton had at least six children that survived infancy and the St. Louis Cholera epidemic of 1849: Margaret (born about 1849 in Missouri); Agnes (born about 1852 in Utah); James (born about 1853 in Utah); Charles (born about 1858 in California); Jemima (born in 1859 in California); and John (born about 1861 in California).

When I was about eight years old my mother died. She had been ailing quite awhile, perhaps two years, with the dropsy. Before the end came Father did all he could. Dr. Rankin was our family physician and all the skill of the time was employed. When ever a case was reported as having been successfully treated Father would investigate. One man was brought from near Kilsythe who it was reported had cured himself with herbs. He lived with us several months using the same remedies, but without success. (He afterwards died of the disease) Come to think of it, Father must have been a model husband. At that time he was a contractor taking coal and ironstone from the mines for the Bairds of Gartsherrie. He had been a working coal miner in his youth. But he gave that up and stayed at home making it the business of his life to wait on mother. - from the Memoirs of William Laird Adam, California Pioneer, 1836-1903

 

The Mormon Migration

Janet, Elizabeth and Margaret Russell, from Scotland to Salt Lake City, Utah, the Mormon Migration

The story of Mormonism in Scotland actually begins in Canada—not surprisingly when one realizes that for thousands of expatriate Scots in the nineteenth century, Canada was a second homeland. Two Scotsmen, Alexander Wright of Banffshire and Samuel Mulliner of Midlothian, had settled in Upper Canada (now known as Ontario) in the mid-1830s and shortly thereafter they were converted to the Mormon church. They soon let their relatives know about the new religion by sending to Scotland copies of Parley P. Pratt's A Voice of Warning, and in 1839 they were called to return to their homeland as emissaries of the new American faith. After four months of proselyting, by May of 1840, they had baptized some eighty Scots into the Church, and shortly thereafter the first Latter- day Saint branch was organized at Paisley by Apostle Orson Pratt. By the end of the century some ten thousand people had joined the Church in Scotland, and almost half of the converts had left Scotland as part of the Mormon gathering to Zion. - from The Ebb and Flow of Mormonism in Scotland, by Frederck S. Buchanan

"The barren desert will abound with pools and springs of living water, and produce grass, with flowers blooming and blossoming as the rose, and that too about the time of the coming of their God with vengeance and recompense, which must allude to his second coming; and Israel is to come at the time to Zion with songs of everlasting joy, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away. Thus the curse will be taken off from the deserts and they will become a fruitful, well watered country." - From "The Voice of Warning" by Parley Pratt

Family Members in The Mormon Migration between 1844-1853

NAME Year - Ship Family Members
ADAM 1844 - Norfolk Isabella Adam Grant
1845 - Oregon Agnes Adam Easton
1850 - Berlin Margaret Adam Henderson
1850 - North Atlantic William Thom Adam and his children: Jemina, William Laird and Alexander (along with William and Isabella Henderson)
EASTON 1845 - Oregon James Easton and Agnes Adam and their infant daughter Isabella
1850 - Hartley Elizabeth Laird Easton and her children: Matthew, Margaret & Jean
GRANT 1844 - Norfolk Robert Grant & Isabella Adam and their children: John, Isabella, William & Agnes
GRAY 1845 - Parthenon John (will marry Elizabeth Russell)
HENDERSON 1849 - Berlin David Henderson & Margaret Adam and their children: Margaret, David, Janet, Mary Adam and Charles Adam
1850 - North Atlantic Isabella & William (with William Thom Adam)
LIVINGSTON 1853 - Falcon James Campbell Livingston (would marry both Agnes & Hannah Widdison)
RUSSELL 1844 - Norfolk Margaret & Elizabeth Russell and Andrew Wardrobe
1853 - Falcon Janet
WARDROBE 1844 - Norfolk Elizabeth Russell & Andrew Wardrobe
WIDDISON 1853 - Falcon Thomas Widdison & Janet Russell and their children: Agnes, Hannah, Robert and William

Janet, Elizabeth and Margaret Russell, from Scotland to Salt Lake City, Utah, the Mormon Migration

 

Elizabeth Russell Wardrobe c 1844
Elizabeth Russell Wardrobe c 1844
Photo courtesy Norna Groff, great-great grand daughter of Elizabeth Russell Wardrobe Gray

Margaret & Elizabeth Russell Wardrobe and Robert Grant & Isabella Adam

Margaret Russell and Elizabeth Russell Wardrobe and her six year old son Andrew, boarded the Norfolk in Liverpool, England on Sept 19, 1844, and arrived in New Orleans, Louisiana, on Nov 11, 1844, as members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Along with the Russell's were Robert Grant and his wife Isabella Adam (Elizabeth and Margaret's cousin and daughter of William Thom Adam and Isobel Laird) and their family.

SS Norfolk
SS Norfolk
Photo courtesy
John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland, Australia.

Passenger List of the Norfolk


Robert Grant (29), Isabella (24), John (6), Isabella (2), William (1), Agnes (infant)
Elizabeth Wardrop (29), Andrew Wardrop (6) and Margaret Russell (27).
From New Orleans Passenger Lists 1820-1945, Ancestry.com
See original document

We have no further information on Margaret.

Janet, Elizabeth and Margaret Russell, from Scotland to Salt Lake City, Utah, the Mormon Migration

 

1848 ..........

On July 16, 1848, William (Laird?) Adam(s) was baptized by R. Russell (probably Robert Russell) for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. - from List of Names in the Airdrie Branch of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, 16th July 1848

 

1849 ..........

Robert Easton may have died on Feb 8, 1849, in Airdrie, New Monkland, Scotland.

Margaret Adam & David Henderson

Margaret Adam Henderson
Margaret Adam Henderson
Photo courtesy Chloe Perdew

Margaret Adam and David Henderson and five of their children (Margaret, David, Janet, Mary Adam and Charles Adam) boarded the ship Berlin in Liverpool on Sept 5, 1849, and arrived into New Orleans, Louisiana, on Oct 23, 1849. Their children Isabella and William would follow the following year with Margaret's father (William Thom Adam).

". . .The ship Berlin sailed for New Orleans on the 5th day of September, carrying 253 souls of the Latter-day Saints. . . ."

David Henderson (38), Margaret (33), David (12), David (7), Janet (5), Mary (2) and Charles (infant)
David Henderson (38), Margaret (33), David (12), David (7), Janet (5), Mary (2) and Charles (infant)
The 12 year old would be Margaret not David
From New Orleans Passenger Lists, 1820-1945, Ancestry.com

Robert and Isabella Adam Grant and two of their children died at Gravois Coal Diggings near St. Louise, Missouri, sometime in June or July, 1849, during the city's cholera outbreak. - from A Mournful Elegy on the Unfortunate Victims, Who Fell Sacrifices to the Ravages of That Fell Destroyer, the Asiatic Cholera, at the Gravois Coal Diggings, Near St. Louis, Mo., June and July, 1849 by John Russel, teacher in the doomed district.

"Isabella, 5, daughter of James Easton", was also recorded as dying in the cholera epidemic at Gravois near St. Louis, Missouri, in the summer of 1849. -  from Karen Bray Keeley, Findagrave.com and A Mournful Elegy on the Unfortunate Victims, Who Fell Sacrifices to the Ravages of That Fell Destroyer, the Asiatic Cholera, at the Gravois Coal Diggings, Near St. Louis, Mo., June and July, 1849 by John Russel, teacher in the doomed district.

 

1850 ..........

Elizabeth Laird Easton (mother of James Easton)

On March 2, 1850, Elizabeth Laird Easton and her children Matthew (19) and twins Margaret and Jean (15) boarded the Hartley in Liverpool and arrived in New Orleans, Louisiana on May 3, 1850.

SS Hartley
SS Hartley

"FORTY-EIGHT COMPANY. -- Hartley, 109 souls. The ship Hartley, carrying one hundred and nine souls of Latter-day Saints, bound for the Valley, sailed from Liverpool, March 2nd, 1850, under the presidency of Elder David Cook. This closed the emigration from Great Britain until the following September. After a passage of fifty-nine days the company arrived in New Orleans May 2nd, 1850, the emigrants generally enjoying good health. During the voyage there was but a very little sickness, but the Saints were much annoyed by the Irish passengers and the conduct of Captain Morrell was shameful, as he did all in his power to make their situation as miserable as possible; and when they were holding their meetings, he took particular pains to annoy them. But while he acted as a demon to the rest of the company, he was exceedingly kind and attentive to two or three females, whom he on different occasions invited into his cabin. These, however, were not members of the Church. Otherwise the voyage was a pleasant one, and the weather was fine and agreeable, so much so that not one of the ship's sails was ever reefed from the day the vessel sailed from Liverpool until its arrival in New Orleans. Only a very few of the passengers suffered from seasickness; no births or marriages occurred during the voyage, but one child died coming up the river on the first of May, and was buried in New Orleans. At New Orleans the company was met by church emigration agent, Thomas McKenzie, who accompanied the Saints up to St. Louis, Missouri, where they arrived about the middle of May. From thence a part, or all, of the emigrants continued the journey to the Bluffs. -- (Millennial Star, Vol. XII, pages 89, 216, 217, 252, 300.)" March. Sat. 2. [1850] -- The ship Hartley sailed from Liverpool, England, with 109 Saints, under David Cook's direction. It arrived at New Orleans May 2nd." - from  Liverpool to New Orleans, March 2, 1850

Janet, Elizabeth and Margaret Russell, from Scotland to Salt Lake City, Utah, the Mormon Migration

 

Elizabeth Russell Wardrobe & John Gray

Elizabeth Russell Wardrobe married John Gray sometime before 1850. The 1850 Census for Utah Territory, Great Salt Lake County, USA, lists a John Gray (carpenter, 32 years old, born in Scotland) with his wife Elizabeth (40 years old, born in Scotland) and their children: Andrew (12 years old, born in Scotland), Isabel (4 years old, born in "Mo") and Robert A. (3 months old, born in "Des").

Charles Adam (son of William T. Adam and Isobel Laird) received a Doctor of Medicine degree from the University of Glasgow.

William Thom Adam

Agnes Adam's brother William T. Adam and three of his children departed Liverpool aboard the North Atlantic on Sept 4, 1850, and arrived in New Orleans, Louisiana, on Nov 1, 1850, (destined for St. Louis, Missouri). Also joining William on this voyage were his grandchildren  Isabella and William Henderson (children of his daughter Margaret Adam and David Henderson).

William Adam (54), Jemina (18), William (14) and Alexander (11).
William Adam (54), Jemina (18), William (14) and Alexander (11).
See original document

"EMIGRATION. -- The ship North Atlantic sailed from Liverpool on the morning of the 4th of September, carrying 357 souls of the Latter-day Saints, under the presidency of Elder David Sudworth. Their destination is the Great Salt Lake Valley, via New Orleans, St. Louis, and Council Bluffs. . . ."

"ARRIVAL OF THE NORTH ATLANTIC. -- The ship North Atlantic, which sailed form this port September the 4th, arrived at New Orleans on the 1st day of November. The passage was rather lengthy but safe and pleasant. There were two deaths -- Betty Hulme, aged 63, Katren Bonner, aged 3 years. There was one baptized during the voyage, Ann Burton, from Whaploade, Lincolnshire, on the 15th of September. Two infants were born during the voyage. . . ."

"FORTY NINTH COMPANY. -- North Atlantic, 357 souls. On Wednesday morning, September 4th, 1850, the ship North Atlantic sailed from Liverpool, carrying three hundred and fifty-seven Saints, including children, under the presidency of Elder David Sudworth. After a rather lengthy, but safe and pleasant passage, the company arrived in New Orleans, November 1st. There were two deaths on board, namely, Betty Hulme, aged sixty-three, and Katren Bonner, aged three years. One was added to the Church by baptism during the voyage, namely, Ann Burton, from Lincolnshire, England; she was baptized September 15th. Two infants were born on the ocean. From New Orleans the emigrants continued their journey up the Mississippi River to St. Louis, Missouri. (Millennial Star, Vol. XII, pages 298, 376.)" "Wed. 4. [Sep 1850] -- The ship North Atlantic sailed from Liverpool, England, with 357 Saints, under the presidency of David Sudworth and Hamilton G. Park. It arrived at New Orleans Nov. 1st."

- from Liverpool to New Orleans, Sept 4, 1850

Janet, Elizabeth and Margaret Russell, from Scotland to Salt Lake City, Utah, the Mormon Migration

 

1851 ..........

Robert Russell was "cut off" from the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints on March 1, 1851.  - from Dundee Branch Register

1851 Scotland Census - Chapelhall, Bothwell, Lanarkshire
Agnes Adam & Mark Mounsey and their family

Name: Agness Mounsay
Age: 54
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1797
Relationship: Wife
Spouse's Name: Mark Mounsey
Gender: Female
Where born: Airdrie, Lanarkshire
Parish Number: 625
Civil parish: Bothwell
Town: Chapelhall
COUNTY: Lanarkshire
Address: Stirling Road
Occupation: Fife Reartter's Wife
ED: 21
Household schedule number: 22
Line: 12
Roll: CSSCT1851_149
Household Members:
Name Age
Mark Mounsey 58
Agness Mounsay 54
Agness Mounsay 19
Charles Mounsay 13
Willm Brotherton 11
Margt Adam 44

Source Citation: Parish: Bothwell; ED: 21; Page:  18; Line: 6; Roll: 1162; Year: 1851. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1851 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: Scotland. 1851 Scotland Census. Reels 1-217. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1851 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 30/31 March 1851. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

Margaret Adam is Agnes' sister. Margaret died on Aug 13, 1875, in Chapelhall, in the District of Holytown. Her parents were given as Charles Adam and Janet Thom. William Brotherton's age should be 21. He will marry Agnes Mounsey.

1851 Scotland Census - Chapelhall, Bothwell, Lanarkshire
Janet Russell & Thomas Widdison and family
 

Name:

Janet Widdowson

Age:

39

Estimated Birth Year:

abt 1812

Relationship:

Wife

Spouse's Name:

Thomas Widdowson

Gender:

Female

Where born:

Glasgow, Scotland

Parish Number:

625

Civil parish:

Bothwell

Town:

Chapelhall

County:

Lanarkshire

Address:

Stirling Road

Occupation:

Fife Cutter's Wife

ED:

21

Household schedule number:

23

Line:

18

Roll:

CSSCT1851_149

Household Members:

Name

Age

Thomas Widdowson

44

Janet Widdowson

39

Agness Widdowson

22

Hannah Widdowson

13

Robert Widdowson

7

Willm Widdowson

4

Source Citation: Parish: Bothwell; ED: 21; Page:  18; Line: 6; Roll: 1162; Year: 1851. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1851 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: Scotland. 1851 Scotland Census. Reels 1-217. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1851 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 30/31 March 1851. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

1851 Scotland Census - Gartsherrie, Old Monkland, Lanarkshire
Catherine Adam & James Patrick and family
 

Name: Catherane Patrick
Age: 27
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1824
Relationship: Wife
Spouse's Name: James Patrick
Gender: Female
Where born: Culdabrael, Lanark
Parish Number: 652
Civil parish: Old Monkland
Town: Gartsherrie
County: Lanarkshire
Address: Hornock Collage
ED: 39
Household schedule number: 43
Line: 2
Roll: CSSCT1851_171
Household Members:
Name Age
James Patrick 31
Catherane Patrick 27
Isabella Patrick 8
Alexander Patrick 7
Mary C Patrick 5
William A Patrick 2
Jamima Patrick 3 Mo
Barbara Thom 15

Source Citation: Parish: Old Monkland; ED: 39; Page: 14; Line: 8; Roll: CSSCT1851_171; Year: 1851. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1851 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: Scotland. 1851 Scotland Census. Reels 1-217. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1851 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 30/31 March 1851. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

Barbara Thom is a "house servant"

 

1852 ..........

Agnes Mounsey & William Brotherton

Agnes Adam Mounsey (daughter of Agnes Adam and Mark Mounsey) married William Brotherton (son of John Brotherton, filecutter, and Sarah Bratton, born about 1829 in England) in about 1852. They had at least eight children: Agnes (born Sept 12, 1852); John (born Dec 24, 1855); Sarah (born Nov 23, 1856); Elisabeth (born 1861); Mary (born about 1867); Mark Mounsey (born May 4, 1868); William Adam (born about 1871); and Henry Cohen (born about 1875). - 1861 & 1881 Scotland Census & Glenda Waugh

Sarah Brotherton and Robert Wotherspoon

 

William left home some time between the ages of 12 and 22 and ended up at Chapelhall, near Airdrie in Scotland. In 1841, William was living with his parents, John and Sarah Brotherton, in Walsall St, Wednesbury. William’s elder brother Joseph and his father John were both file cutters. Cutting a file refers to the process of indenting the surface of a file with a sharp edged flat chisel to produce a ridge across the width of the file, or with a triangular punch to produce a rasp. The same census records also show that other families by the name of Brotherton lived in Wednesbury, and the men folk were also file cutters. He found employment as a file cutter in Mounsey File Works in Chapelhall. Central Scotland, like Staffordshire, was then the scene of intense industrial activity associated with the growth of the iron and steel industries. Mark Mounsey, his employer, was himself was an English immigrant, and hailed from Sheffield. William lost no time in marrying the boss’s daughter, Agnes, by whom he had nine children, including Mark Brotherton, who became my grandfather. - from Four Generations of Steel, by Bill Barr

 

1853 ..........

Janet Russell & Thomas Widdison

Janet Russell and Thomas Widdison and their family (of 5 children) sailed from Liverpool, England, to New Orleans, Louisiana, on March 28, 1853, aboard the Falcon. James Campbell Livingston (born Dec 2, 1833, in Shotts, Lanarkshire) was also aboard the same ship. James would later marry the Widdison sisters. They arrived in New Orleans on May 18 and in Salt Lake City, Utah, on Oct 16, 1853. - from A Sketch in the Life of the Thomas Widdison Family of Scotland and England

The Falcon

Ed. Note: The Falcon, built by Gibbs & Co. in 1852, was a ship registered in Liverpool of 1640 tons used on the Liverpool to Port Philip & Adelaide route and in 1853 on the Liverpool to New Orleans route.

. . . On Saturday 12th of March I got notification to be in Liverpool to sail with the Falcon on the 28th of March. Sailing vessels were very scarce that year as the "gold fever" had broken out in Australia and all were going there. On Saturday 19th, I left Glasgow with about 100 Saints to sail on the same vessel. I was a little sick on the way to Liverpool. I watched the luggage at night on the steamer. On the 20th we arrived in Liverpool where I found lodgings at Mrs. Gellian's. On March 21st we removed our luggage to sheds on the Bramly [Bramley] Moor Dock. I watched the luggage part of the night. That same day I went to the office and paid the other four pounds for my passage. We watched our luggage by turns until Monday the 28th of March when we sailed out of Liverpool. It was a fine day but cold. - from the Autobiography of James Ririe in Liverpool to New Orleans aboard the Falcon March 28, 1853 to May 18, 1853

Janet, Elizabeth and Margaret Russell, from Scotland to Salt Lake City, Utah, the Mormon Migration

 

1859 ..........

Charles Adam & Margaret Baillie

Charles Adam, Doctor of Medicine, (son of William Adam and Isabel Laird) married Margaret Baillie (daughter of John Baillie, land proprietor, and Margaret on Aug 23, 1859, in Old Monkland, Lanarkshire.

 

1861 ..........

1861 Scotland Census - Chapelhall, Bothwell, Lanarkshire
Agnes Adam & Mark Mounsey and their children
 

Name: Agnes Moussa
Age: 62
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1799
Relationship: Wife
Spouse's name : Mark Moussa
Gender: Female
Where born: Airdrie, Lanarkshire
Registration number: 625/2
Registration district: Holytown
Civil parish: Bothwell
County: Lanarkshire
Address: Carlisle Rd
Occupation: Lat
ED: 14
Household schedule number: 93
Line: 8
Roll: CSSCT1861_92
Household Members:
Name Age
Mark Moussa 68
Agnes Moussa  
Agnes Moussa 62
Charles Moussa 23

Source Citation: Parish: Bothwell; ED: 14; Page: 18; Line: 8; Roll: CSSCT1861_92. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1861 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: Scotland. 1861 Scotland Census. Reels 1-150. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1861 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 7/8 April 1861. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

 

Charles Mounsey & Margaret Kerr

Charles Mounsey (son of Agnes Russell and Mark Mounsey) married Margaret Kerr (daughter of Walter Kerr and Jane Alexander) sometime around 1861-1862. They may have been married on May 26, 1861, in St. John Haymarket, Liverpool. They had at least eight children: Mark (born May 23, 1862); Walter Kerr (born Sept 20, 1863); Charles Adam (born May 20, 1865);  William Alexander (born March 17, 1867); Jane (born Dec 13, 1869); Agnes Adam (born Dec 22, 1871); Margaret (born Oct 13, 1872); and Alexander Stewart (born Oct 27, 1874); all in Holytown, Bothwell, Lanarkshire.

William Alexander Mounsey & Jessie Gibson

 

1861 Scotland Census - Holytown, Bothwell, Lanarkshire
Agnes Mounsey & William Brotherton and their family
 
Name: William Brotherton
Age: 31
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1830
Relationship: Head
Spouse's name : Agnes Brotherton
Gender: Male
Where born: England
Registration number: 625/2
Registration district: Holytown
Civil parish: Bothwell
County: Lanarkshire
Address: Carlisle Rd
Occupation: File Cutter
ED: 14
Household schedule number: 95
Line: 11
Roll: CSSCT1861_92
Household Members:
Name Age
William Brotherton 31
Agnes Brotherton 29
Agnes Brotherson 8
John Brotherson 6
Sarah Brotherson 4
Elisabeth Brotherson 2 Mo

Source Citation: Parish: Bothwell; ED: 14; Page: 18; Line: 11; Roll: CSSCT1861_92. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1861 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: Scotland. 1861 Scotland Census. Reels 1-150. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1861 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 7/8 April 1861. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

 

1861 Scotland Census - Coatbridge, Old Monkland
Charles Adam & Margaret Baillie
 

Name: Charles Adam
Age: 33
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1828
Relationship: Head
Spouse's name : Marget Adam
Gender: Male
Where born: Old Monkland Lanarksh, Scotland
Registration number: 652/2
Registration district: Old Monkland Middle District
Civil parish: Old Monkland
Town: Coatbridge
County: Lanarkshire
Address: Haddells Land
Occupation: M D & General Forreleteaner
ED: 4
Household schedule number: 47
Line: 16
Roll: CSSCT1861_118
Household Members:
Name Age
Charles Adam 33
Marget Adam 21
Marget Millar 19
Jean White 15
William T Adam 8 Mo

Source Citation: Parish: Old Monkland; ED: 4; Page: 9; Line: 16; Roll: CSSCT1861_118. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1861 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: Scotland. 1861 Scotland Census. Reels 1-150. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1861 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 7/8 April 1861. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

Margaret Millar and Jean White are "servants"

Dr. Charles Adam
Son of William Thom Adam and Isobel Laird and grandson of Charles Adam and Janet Thom


From "The rise and progress of Coatbridge and surrounding neighbourhood", by Andrew Miller, 1864

Charles Adam is a native of Old Monkland Parish, born at Calder Iron Works, in 1827. His father was a mining contractor. In early youth he received the principal part of his education, under various masters, at Calder Works School. In 1844 he entered the Glasgow University, where he studied six sessions, four medical and two classical, and graduated with honour as M.D. in 1850, and shortly afterwards commenced practice in Coatbridge.

 

1861 Scotland Census - Kilwinning, Ayrshire
James Patrick & Catherine Adam and family
 

Name: James Patrick
Age: 41
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1820
Relationship: Head
Spouse's name : Catherina Patrick
Gender: Male
Where born: Kirkiente Alick, dumbarton sh
Registration number: 599
Registration district: Kilwinning
Civil parish: Kilwinning
County: Ayrshire
Address: Byschilljam
Occupation: Clerk Iron Work Office
ED: 2
Household schedule number: 13
Line: 16
Roll: CSSCT1861_87
Household Members:
Name Age
James Patrick 41
Catherina Patrick 37
Isabella Patrick 18
Mary B Patrick 15
William A Patrick 12
Jemima A Patrick 10
Charles A Patrick 7
Alexander Patrick 5
Catherina Patrick 3
Annie J Patrick 1

Source Citation: Parish: Kilwinning; ED: 2; Page: 3; Line: 16; Roll: CSSCT1861_87. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1861 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: Scotland. 1861 Scotland Census. Reels 1-150. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1861 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 7/8 April 1861. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

 

Left to right: William, Mary, Jemima, Catherine, James, Charles and Alexander Patrick, c 1863
Left to right: William, Mary, Jemima, Catherine, James, Charles and Alexander Patrick, c 1866
The identity of the people in the photograph has not been corroborated and is based on supposition

 

1864 ..........

The firm (Mounsey File Works) probably passed to Mark's only son, Charles Adam Mounsey, after his death in 1864. - from The Mounsey File Works at Chapelhall and the Canal File Works at Camelon

 

1868 ..........

Charles Adam's wife Margaret Baillie died on Sept 18, 1868 in Old Monkland, and is buried in the Gartsherrie (Mount Zion) Churchyard in Coatbridge. - Scotland's People  and Monumental Inscription Index for Gartsherrie Churchyard Cemetery

 

1869 ..........

Charles Adam & Mary McCreath

Charles Adam (son of William Adam and Isabel Laird) married Mary McCreath (daughter of William McCreath and Margaret Renfrew) on Oct 12, 1869, in Old Monkland, Lanarkshire.

 

1871 ..........

1871 Scotland Census - Holytown, Bothwell, Lanarkshire
Charles Mounsey & Margaret Kerr and their family

Name: Charles M??
[Charles Mounsey] 
Age: 33
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1838
Relationship: Head
Spouse's name : Margaret M??
Gender: Male
Where born: Bothwell, Lanarkshire
Registration Number: 625/2
Registration district: Holytown
Civil parish: Bothwell
County: Lanarkshire
Address: Carlist Rd
Occupation: Johnaste Ener 5 Man
ED: 14
Household schedule number: 81
Line: 9
Roll: CSSCT1871_118
Household Members:
Name Age
Charles M?? 33
Margaret M?? 30
Marle M?? 9
Wollie M?? 9
Charles M?? 6
William M?? 6
Jane M?? 7
A?? M?? 3 Mo

Source Citation: Parish: Bothwell; ED: 14; Page: 18; Line: 9; Roll: CSSCT1871_118. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1871 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1871 Scotland Census. Reels 1-191. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1871 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 2/3 April 1871. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

Charles Mounsey (son of Agnes Russell and Mark Mounsey) married Margaret Kerr (daughter of Walter Kerr and Jane Alexander) sometime around 1861-1862. They may have been married on May 26, 1861, in St. John Haymarket, Liverpool. They had at least eight children: Mark (born May 23, 1862); Walter Kerr (born Sept 20, 1863); Charles Adam (born May 20, 1865);  William Alexander (born March 17, 1867); Jane (born Dec 13, 1869); Agnes Adam (born Dec 22, 1871); Margaret (born Oct 13, 1872); and Alexander Stewart (born Oct 27, 1874); all in Holytown, Bothwell, Lanarkshire.

1871 Scotland Census - Coatbridge, Old Monkland, Lanarshire
Charles Adam, M.D & Mary McCreath and family

Name: Charles Adam MD
Age: 43
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1828
Relationship: Head
Spouse's name : Mary Adam
Gender: Male
Where born: Old Monkland, Lanark
Registration number: 652/2
Registration district: Old Monkland Middle District
Civil parish: Old Monkland
Town: Coatbridge
County: Lanarkshire
Address: Bank Street
Occupation: Medical Doctovill D Or Glasgow Gloreinerty
ED: 3
Household schedule number: 74
Line: 25
Roll: CSSCT1871_148
Household Members:
Name Age
Charles Adam MD 43
Mary Adam 39
William Adam 10
John Adam 9
Isabella Adam 6
Charles Adam 3
Isabella Walter 28
Sarah Watson 16

Source Citation: Parish: Old Monkland; ED: 3; Page: 15; Line: 25; Roll: CSSCT1871_148. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1871 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1871 Scotland Census. Reels 1-191. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1871 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 2/3 April 1871. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

Charles Adam was a Medical Doctor living on Bank Street in Coatbridge at the same time as The Fairley Family was living there on Main Street, Reids Land. Also living in Coatbridge were the Wilson and Swan families (Fairley side of the family).

Map of Coatbridge c 1864
Map showing Coatbridge, Ordinance Survey Map, 1864

 

1871 Scotland Census - Kilwinning, Ayrshire
James Patrick & Catherine Adam and family
 

Name: James Patrick
Age: 51
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1820
Relationship: Head
Spouse's name : Catherine Patrick
Gender: Male
Where born: Kirkintillock, Dumbartonshire
Registration number: 599
Registration district: Kilwinning
Civil parish: Kilwinning
Town: Kilwinning
County: Ayrshire
Address: Farmers Road
Occupation: Boy Master (iron Works)
ED: 14
Household schedule number: 176
Line: 13
Roll: CSSCT1871_112
Household Members:
Name Age
James Patrick 51
Catherine Patrick 45
Charles Patrick 17
Alexander Patrick 15
Catherine A Patrick 13
Annie Jane Patrick 10
Jeminia A Patrick 5

Source Citation: Parish: Kilwinning; ED: 14; Page: 39; Line: 15; Roll: CSSCT1871_112. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1871 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1871 Scotland Census. Reels 1-191. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1871 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 2/3 April 1871. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

Charles Patrick is a "pupil teacher" and the other children are "scholars"

 

1875 ..........

Agnes Adam's brother William Thom Adam died on Jan 5, 1875, in Gilroy, Santa Clara County, California. - from Ancestry.com Family Trees

Charles Mounsey (son of Agnes Adam and Mark Mounsey) died of "heart disease" on July 15, 1875, in Chapelhall, Bothwell, at the age of 37. His occupation was "file manufacturer". His sister Agnes Mounsey Brotherton was the informant. His son, Walter Kerr Mounsey (born in 1863) was also a file manufacturer. He died on Oct 13, 1937 in Dunbarton at the age of 74. - Scotland's People

Coatbridge - Serious Accident - Yesterday morning, while marriage rejoicings were going on at Souterhouse Colliery, a large iron nut from which shots were being fired with gunpowder burst, and a piece of the iron struck a boy named Edward Dugan, 14 years of age. Drs Wilson and Adam were in attendance, but the injured lad is not expected to live. [Glasgow Herald 30 July 1875] - from Scottishming.co.uk

Margaret Adam (sister of Agnes Adam) died of "pneumonia" on Aug 15, 1875, in Chaplehall, Bothwell at the age of 77. Her parents were given as Charles Adam and Janet Thom.

 

1877 ..........

Agnes Adam (Russell / Mounsey) died of "bronchitis" on April 2, 1877 in Chapelhall, Bothwell at the age of 84. Charles Adam (son of William Adam and Isabel Laird) was the Doctor who signed the death certificate.

Charles Adam Patrick (son of Catherine Adam and James Patrick) graduated from Glasgow University with a MB CM in 1877.

Dr. Charles Adam Patrick, c 1877
Dr. Charles Adam Patrick, c 1877
Photo courtesy Jan Laurie, great granddaughter of Charles Adam Patrick

His professional career spanned 46 years from a copper mine on Tharsis, Spain, to a ship's surgeon sailing to Australia in 1877. Thereafter he was employed by various shipping lines as a ship's surgeon / doctor. He sailed to Sydney as ship's surgeon in 1887 arriving 26th June. He opened a medical practice in Sydney in 1900 where he worked until his retirement in 1923. He died on 16th June 1937, aged 83, and is buried in the Church of England section of Rockwood Cemetery. - from University of Glasgow Biography of Charles Adam Patrick by Jan Laurie, great granddaughter of Charles Adam Patrick

 

1881 ..........

1881 Scotland Census - Holytown, Bothwell, Lanarkshire
Agnes Mounsey & William Brotherton and their family
 

Name: William Brotherton
Age: 51
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1830
Relationship: Head
Spouse's name : Agnes Brotherton
Gender: Male
Where born: England
Registration number: 625/2
Registration district: Holytown
Civil parish: Bothwell
County: Lanarkshire
Address: Carlisle Road
Occupation: File Cutter
ED: 14
Household schedule number: 22
Line: 2
Roll: cssct1881_204
Household Members:
Name Age
William Brotherton 51
Agnes Brotherton 49
Elizabeth Brotherton 20
Mary Brotherton 14
Mark Brotherton 12
William Brotherton 10
Henry Cohen Brotherton 6

Source Citation: Parish: Bothwell; ED: 14; Page: 6; Line: 2; Roll: cssct1881_204. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1881 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1881 Scotland Census. Reels 1-338. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1881 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 3/4 April 1881. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

 

1881 Scotland Census - Coatbridge, Old Monkland, Lanarkshire
Charles Adam, M.D & Mary McCreath and family
 

Name: Charles Adam
Age: 52
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1829
Relationship: Head
Spouse's name : Mary Adam
Gender: Male
Where born: Parish, Old. Monkland
Registration number: 652/2
Registration district: Old Monkland Middle District
Civil parish: Old Monkland Middle District
Town: Coatbridge
County: Lanarkshire
Address: Bank St.
Occupation: M. D. Glasgow University
ED: 3
Household schedule number: 2
Line: 6
Roll: cssct1881_266
Household Members:
Name Age
Charles Adam 52
Mary Adam 48
John B Adam 19
Isabella L Adam 16
Charles Adam 12
Agnes Wilson 23

Source Citation: Parish: Old Monkland Middle District; ED: 3; Page: 1; Line: 6; Roll: cssct1881_266. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1881 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1881 Scotland Census. Reels 1-338. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1881 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 3/4 April 1881. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

Adam, Charles, M.D. 1850, Coatbridge; died 25th June, 1881
Adam, Charles, M.D. 1850, Coatbridge; died 25th June, 1881
From A Roll of the Graduates of the University of Glasgow from 31st December 1727 to 31st Decmber 1897

Charles Adam, M.D. died on June 25, 1881, in Coatbridge, and is buried in the Gartsherrie (Mount Zion) Churchyard in Coatbridge.

 

1881 Scotland Census - Stevenston, Ayrshire
William T. Adam
 

Name: William T Adam
Age: 20
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1861
Relationship: Lodger
Gender: Male
Where born: Coatbridge, Lanarkshire
Registration number: 615
Registration district: Stevenston
Civil parish: Stevenston
Town: Stevenston
County: Ayrshire
Address: 1 Woodburn Cottages
Occupation: Medical Assistant - Student Of Medicin
ED: 5
Household schedule number: 30
Line: 7
Roll: cssct1881_197
Household Members:
Name Age
Robert Speirs 57
Margaret Speirs 54
Margaret B Speirs 16
William T Adam 20

Source Citation: Parish: Stevenston; ED: 5; Page: 7; Line: 7; Roll: cssct1881_197. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1881 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1881 Scotland Census. Reels 1-338. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1881 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 3/4 April 1881. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

 

1881 Scotland Census - Kilwinning, Ayrshire
James Patrick & Catherine Adam and family

Name: James Patrick
Age: 61
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1820
Relationship: Head
Spouse's name : Catherine Patrick
Gender: Male
Where born: Kirkintillock, Dumbartonshire
Registration number: 599
Registration district: Kilwinning
Civil parish: Kilwinning
County: Ayrshire
Address: No 3 Stobbs House
Occupation: Clerk In Iron Trade
ED: 11
Household schedule number: 32
Line: 18
Roll: cssct1881_191
Household Members:
Name Age
James Patrick 61
Catherine Patrick 57
Catherine A Patrick 22
Jemima Patrick 15
Allan Patrick 2

Source Citation: Parish: Kilwinning; ED: 11; Page: 6; Line: 22; Roll: cssct1881_191. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1881 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1881 Scotland Census. Reels 1-338. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1881 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 3/4 April 1881. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

Allan Patrick is "grandson"

 

1882 ..........

Mark Mounsey (son of Charles Mounsey and Margaret Kerr), file manufacturer, died on June 28, 1882, in Holytown at the age of 20. The informant was Walter Mounsey, brother.


See original document

 

1883 ..........

William Thom Adam (son of Charles Adam and Margaret Baillie) received his M.B., C.M. from the University of Glasgow.

Adam, William Thon, M.B, C.M. 1883
Adam, William Thom, M.B, C.M. 1883
From A Roll of the Graduates of the University of Glasgow from 31st December 1727 to 31st Decmber 1897

 

1885 ..........

Dr. Charles Adam Patrick & Margaret Weir

Dr. Charles Adam Patrick married Margaret Weir in the St. Anne's Anglican Church, Sale, Cheshire, England in March of 1885. The had three children: Charles Alfred Weir (born in 1886 in Spain); Catherine Nora (born 1887 in Sydney, Australia); and Ruby Claire (born in 1890 in Sydney, Australia).  - from University of Glasgow Biography of Charles Adam Patrick by Jan Laurie, great granddaughter of Charles Adam Patrick

Charles Adam Patrick & Margaret Weir c 1885
Charles Adam Patrick & Margaret Weir c 1885

 

1887 ..........

Dr. Charles A. Patrick arrived into Sydney via Adelaide and Melbourne aboard the Chimborazo on June 23, 1887.  - from ancestry.com The departure port was given as "Chimborazo, Ecuador" but if the ship departed London on May 12, 1887 (as indicated below) and went through the Suez Canal arriving into Sydney on June 23, 1887, it would not have been anywhere near Ecuador.

 

SS Chimborazo

The ship Chimborazo of Orient Steamship Line
The ship Chimborazo of the Orient Line

The Chimborazo
The Press, Volume XXVIII, Issue 3816, 15 October 1877, Page 2

CHIMBORAZO / CLEOPATRA 1871

Built by John Elder & Co, Glasgow in 1871 for Pacific Steam Navigation Co's Valparaiso service. She was a 3,847 gross ton ship, length 384ft x beam 41.3ft, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), clipper stem, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 12 knots. Passenger accommodation for 80-1st, 100-2nd and 270-3rd class. Launched on 21st Jun.1871, she started her maiden voyage on 13th Oct. when she left Liverpool for Valparaiso and intermediate ports. Chartered by Anderson & Anderson in 1877 for their Orient-Pacific Line service and started her first London - Melbourne - Sydney voyage on 12th Aug.1877. Purchased by Orient Steam Navigation Co the following year, she continued this service until starting her last London - Suez - Sydney sailing on 12th May 1887. In 1889 she was employed on Norwegian fjord cruising and in 1894 was sold to P.J.Pitcher of Liverpool who renamed her CLEOPATRA and used her for cruising by the Polytechnic Touring Association. In 1895 she was transferred to the Ocean Cruising and Yachting Co, London and in 1897 was scrapped at Preston. [North Star to Southern Cross by John M. Maber] [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.8, Pacific Steam Navigation Co]

 

 

1889 ..........

Janet Russell Widdison (daughter of Robert Russell and Agnes Adam) died on Nov 14, 1889, in Hooper, Weber County, Utah, U.S.A., at the age of 77, and is buried in the Salt Lake City Cemetery. - from A Sketch in the Life of the Thomas Widdison Family of Scotland and England See also Find A Grave for Janet Russell Widdison

Dr. Charles A. Patrick arrived into Sydney, New South Wales, Australia as ship's surgeon aboard the "Port Caroline" from London via Adelaide and Melbourne on May 11, 1889.

The Port Caroline, A Handsome New Ship from Australia
The Port Caroline, A Handsome New Ship from Australia
From the NY Times, Sept 18, 1889

The Port Dennison (pictured) was the sister ship of the Port Caroline
The Port Dennison (above) was the sister ship of the Port Caroline

 

1890 ..........

Agnes Mounsey Brotherton (daughter of Agnes Adam and Mark Mounsey) died on Oct 13, 1890, in Chapelhall, Holytown, at the age of 59.

1891 ..........

1891 England Census - St. Michaels, Yorkshire
William Thom Adam & Sarah Ann ?

Name: William Thom Adam
Age: 30
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1861
Relation: Head
Spouse's Name: Sarah Ann Adam
Gender: Male
Where born: Scotland
   
Civil parish: Shelf
Ecclesiastical parish: St Michaels
County/Island: Yorkshire
Country: England
Registration district: Halifax
Sub-registration district: Northowram
ED, institution, or vessel: 36
Piece: 3607
Folio: 151
Page Number: 5
Household Members:
Name Age
William Thom Adam 30
Sarah Ann Adam 33
Annie Adam 1
Sarah Stevens 20

Source Citation: Class: RG12; Piece: 3607; Folio: 151; Page: 5; GSU roll: 6098717. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1891 England Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005. Original data: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1891. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO), 1891. Data imaged from The National Archives, London, England. 2,131 rolls. The National Archives gives no warranty as to the accuracy, completeness or fitness for the purpose of the information provided. Images may be used only for purposes of research, private study or education. Applications for any other use should be made to The National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 4DU. Description: This database is an index to individuals enumerated in the 1891 Census for England. The census contains detailed information on each individual who spent the night in each household including name, relationship to the head of the family, marital status, age at last birthday, gender, occupation, and birthplace. Additional information about the dwelling and property was collected. Each name in this index is linked to actual images of the 1891 England Census.

William Thom Adam is a "general medical practitioner".

1891 Scotland Census - Old Ardrossan, Ayrshire
Catherine Adam Patrick and family
 

Name: Catherine A Patrick
Age: 67
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1824
Relationship: Head
Gender: Female
Where born: Old Monkton, Lanarkshire
Registration number: 576/1
Registration district: Old Ardrossan
Civil parish: Ardrossan
County: Ayrshire
Address: 1 Springvale St
ED: 6
Household schedule number: 37
Line: 1
Roll: CSSCT1891_196
Household Members:
Name Age
Catherine A Patrick 67
Jemima A Patrick 25
Allan Patrick 12

Source Citation: Parish: Ardrossan; ED: 6; Page: 8; Line: 1; Roll: CSSCT1891_196. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1891 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1891 Scotland Census. Reels 1-409. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1891 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 5/6 April 1891. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

 

Sarah Brotherton & Robert Wotherspoon

Sarah Brotherton (daughter of Agnes Adam Mounsey & William Brotherton) married Robert Wotherspoon (son of Andrew Wotherspoon and Elizabeth Thomson) on Sept 1, 1891, in Holytown, Bothwell, Lanarkshire. They had two children: Agnes (born about 1893); and Robert (born about 1896).

Agnes Wotherspoon & Robert Muir

 

1893 ..........

Jane Mounsey (daughter of Charles Mounsey and Margaret Kerr), Dressmaker,  died in Holytown on June 23, 1893, at the age of 24.

 

1896 ..........

Charles Adam Mounsey (son of Charles Mounsey and Margaret Kerr), File Cutter Master, died in Holytown on June 26, 1896, at the age of 31.

 

1897 ..........

William Alexander Mounsey (son of Charles Mounsey and Margaret Kerr), File Manufacturer, died of a fractured skull in Holytown on Aug 13, 1897 at the age of 34. William Kerr Mounsey was the informant.

 

1900 ..........

Catherine Adam Patrick (daughter of William Thom Adam and Isobel Laird) died on Jan 10, 1900, in Old Ardrossan, Ayrshire at the age of 76.

Margaret Adam Henderson (daughter of William Thom Adam and Isobel Laird) died on Aug 2, 1900, in San Bernandino, California, at the age of 84.  - from Findagrave for Margaret Ada Adam Henderson

 

1901 ..........

1901 Scotland Census - Chapelhall, Bothwell
Margaret Kerr Mounsey (wife of Charles Mounsey) and her family

Name: Margaret Mounsey
Age: 60
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1841
Relationship: Head
Gender: Female
Where born: England
Registration Number: 625/2
Registration district: Holytown
Civil parish: Bothwell
COUNTY: Lanarkshire
Address: Carlisle Road
ED: 17
Household schedule number: 82
Line: 12
Roll: CSSCT1901_249
Household Members:
Name Age
Margaret Mounsey 60
Walter Kerr Mounsey 36
Agnes Adam Mounsey 30
Margaret Kerr Mounsey 28

Source Citation: Parish: Bothwell; ED: 17; Page:  18; Line: 12; Roll: CSSCT1901_249; Year: 1901. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1901 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1901 Scotland Census. Reels 1-446. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1901 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 31 March/1 April 1901. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

Walter is a "file manufacturer", Agnes is a "certified public school elementary teacher", and Margaret (28) is a "milliner".

1901 Scotland Census - Holytown, Bothwell, Lanarkshire
William Brotherton with his sons Mark and Harry (Henry) and his daughter Sarah and her family
 

Name: William Brotherton
Age: 72
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1829
Relationship: Fireman
Gender: Male
Where born: England
Registration number: 625/2
Registration district: Holytown
Civil parish: Bothwell
County: Lanarkshire
Address: Dean Pl Main St
Occupation: File Cutter (retired)
ED: 14
Household schedule number: 27
Line: 12
Roll: CSSCT1901_249
Household Members:
Name Age
Robert Wotherspoon 46
Sarah Wotherspoon 44
George Wotherspoon 12
Agnes Wotherspoon 8
Robert Wotherspoon 5
William Brotherton 72
Harry Brotherton 26
Mark Brotherton 32

Source Citation: Parish: Bothwell; ED: 14; Page: 6; Line: 12; Roll: CSSCT1901_249. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1901 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1901 Scotland Census. Reels 1-446. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1901 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 31 March/1 April 1901. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

George Wotherspoon (12) is the son of Robert Wotherspoon and Jessie Wyper

William Brotherton died on June 27, 1901, in Holytown, Bothwell, at the age of 72.

 

1904 ..........

Elizabeth Russell Wardrobe Gray died on Oct 4, 1904, in Genesee, Latah County, Idaho, at the age of 90.

 
1911 ..........

1911 England Census - Carlisle, Cumberland
William Thom Adam & Sarah Ann and family

Name: William Thom Adam
Age in 1911: 50
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1861
Relation to Head: Head
Gender: Male
Birth Place: Old Monkland, Lanark, Scotland
Civil parish: Carlisle
County/Island: Cumberland
Country: England
Street Address: 48 London Road, Carlisle
Marital Status: Married
Occupation: Medical Practitioner
Registration district: Carlisle
Registration District Number: 574
Sub-registration district: St Cuthbert
ED, institution, or vessel: 3
Piece: 31306
Household Members:
Name Age
William Thom Adam 50
Sarah Ann Adam 52
Margaret Adam 17
Jeanette Adam 11
John McNaught Scott 30
Agnes Grierson 22
Dora Smith 15

Source Citation: Class: RG14; Piece: 31306. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1911 England Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1911. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA), 1911. Data imaged from the National Archives, London, England. The National Archives gives no warranty as to the accuracy, completeness or fitness for the purpose of the information provided. Images may be used only for purposes of research, private study or education. Applications for any other use should be made to the National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 4DU. Description: This database includes householders’ forms from the 1911 Census of England. Information found on the householders forms include: name, relationship to head of family, age at last birthday, sex, marriage details (including number of children), occupation, birthplace, nationality, and postal address.

1911 Scotland Census - Holytown, Bothwell
Sarah Brotherton & Robert Wotherspoon

Robert Wotherspoon (56), Saraha (54), Agnes (18) and Robert (15)
Robert Wotherspoon (56), Saraha (54), Agnes (18) and Robert (15)
See
original document

 
1922 ..........

Margaret Kerr (wife of Charles Mounsey) died on July 1, 1922, in Hillhead, Glasgow at the age of 83. Walter Mounsey, son, 20 Main Street, Chapelhall was the informant.

 

1925 ..........

Charles Adam Patrick arrived into Southhampton, England aboard the "Sophocles" of the Aberdeen Line from Brisbane, Australia on July 19, 1925.

 

1936 ..........

Patrick, Charles Adam, Masonic Club,Castlereagh St., retired med.
Patrick, Charles Adam, Masonic Club,Castlereagh St., retired med.
From Australian Electoral Rolls, 1936

 
1937 ..........

Charles Adam Patrick (son of Catherine Adam and James Patrick) died on June 16, 1937, at the age of 83, and is buried in the Church of England section of Rookwood Cemetery, Sydney, Australia.

Walter Kerr Mounsey (son of Charles Mounsey and Margaret Kerr), file manufacturer, died in Dunbarton on Oct 13, 1937 at the age of 74. He was not married.

 

 

Robert Russell &

Chesterfield Sime Aimer
Born: Aug 28, 1819 Born: Aug 12, 1821*
Place: Glasgow (Barony), Lanarkshire, Scotland Place: Dundee, Angusshire, Scotland
Married: Nov 6, 1843
Place: Dundee, Scotland
Died: Feb 3, 1870 Died: Died: Feb 11, 1869
Place: Larbert, Stirlingshire Place: Dundee, Angusshire
Buried: Buried:

John Scott Russell & Jane McBain Gray | John Scott Russell & Margaret Marr

Chesterfield Aimer's parents were George Aimer and Margaret Scott. Robert Russell (born Aug 28, 1819) married Chesterfield Aimer (born Aug 12, 1821) in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in Dundee on Nov 6, 1843.

Robert Russell and Chesterfield Aimer had three children who survived infancy (and at least six who did not): Robert Russell (born Feb 7, 1846 in Dundee), Elizabeth Russell (born Aug 28, 1847 in Dundee) and John Scott Russell (born Dec 13, 1859 in Dundee).

Children that survived infancy Born Place Died Place
ROBERT RUSSELL Feb 7, 1846* Dundee July 13, 1921 Mains and Strathmartine, Forfar
Elizabeth Russell Aug 28, 1847* Dundee May 9, 1898 Liff & Benvie, Forfar
John Scott Russell Dec 13, 1859 Burgh of Dundee April 23, 1933 Dundee

* Glenda Waugh

There had been a devastating cholera outbreak in Dundee in the year 1832 in which it is believed that from 500-800 people died from the disease. There were other outbreaks of cholera in Dundee in 1849, 1853 & 1866. The Russells lost five infant children between 1849-1853.

Dundee Board of Health and Cholera, 1832
Dundee Board of Health and Cholera, 1832

This assessment is for the expenses incurred by the Dundee Board of Health in the Prevention and Cure of Cholera, and includes receipts, expenditure, bills of mortality and Conspectus of Cholera. Provost William Lindsay is Chairman. It states in the report that the epidemic prevailed in Dundee for a period of thirty weeks, during which time it attacked over eight hundred people, although it is also probable that many cases were not reported. The total number of deaths is reported at five hundred and twelve. - From the Lamb Collection http://sites.scran.ac.uk/lamb/cholera-pages/L308(31).htm

The 1832 European Cholera Epidemic in Dundee

"The first deaths from cholera in Britain appeared in east coast ports in England in 1831. Once it appeared it spread with terrifying speed through the town. In Dundee panic set in. The Town Council tried to take measures to stop the disease from spreading. A quarantine was placed on the city, with a warship positioned at the mouth of the Tay to control ships from entering the harbour. Road blocks were placed on routes leading to Dundee. In the High Street barrels of burning tar were positioned. This was because people believed that disease was conveyed by breathing in bad smells, or ‘miasmas ‘ as they were known; if you had a strong smell like tar, then it would keep the bad smells away. It didn’t work...

The Tay was salt water and could not be used for drinking. Streams were polluted by textile mills. Water was brought in on the Ferry from Newport-On-Tay and sold by tradesmen at a penny per 10 gallons. People would queue for hours to get it or take water from wells. There were several wells in Dundee. The busiest and most popular was the Ladywell at the bottom of the Hilltown. The reservoir of the Ladywell was divided from a slaughter house by a leaking wall. The Royal Commission on Water Supply reported that: ’the water is bright, sparkling and piquant to the palate, but our analysis shows that this is nothing but a very purified sewage – to the properties of decomposition of which it owes its pleasant flavour’. They further noted that ‘it was horribly polluted by sewage and by animal matters of the most disgusting origin.'  But people thought it to be the purest and cleanest water in existence because of its sparkling appearance. It was not until 1901 that water was pumped into houses themselves."
From
http://www.dundeehigh.dundeecity.sch.uk/history/Form3/brit/CHOLERA%20IN%20DUNDEE%20IN%201832.doc

 

Howff Cemetery Register of Burials, 1832

These pages of the HOWFF Burial Register details burials in October 1832, the majority of causes of death being marked as 'Cholera'. Many of the deceased have no listed 'Designation' other than 'from Hospital'. Many of the victims were buried in a special area of ground reserved for cholera victims.

Plan of the Town of Dundee with the improvements now in progress, 1846
Plan of the Town of Dundee with the improvements now in progress, 1846

 

1845 ..........

In The Dundee Post Office Directory for 1845, there is a Robert Russell listed as a file and rasp cutter, Thom's Close, High Street.

Russell, Robert, file and rasp cutter, Thoms's Close, High Street
Russell, Robert, file and rasp cutter, Thoms's Close, High Street

File and Rasp Cutter, Robert Russell, Thoms' Close, High Street
File and Rasp Cutter, Robert Russell, Thoms' Close, High Street

 

1851 ..........

1851 Scotland Census - Dundee, Angus
Robert Russell and Chesterfield Aimer and family

Name: Robert Russell
Age: 30
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1821
Relationship: Head
Spouse's Name: Chesterfield
Gender: Male
Where born: Glasgow, Lanark
Parish Number: 282
Civil Parish: Dundee
Town: Dundee
County: Angus
Address: Mid Road
Occupation: File Smith
ED: 35
Household schedule number: 101
Line: 1
Roll: CSSCT1851_61
Household Members:
Name Age
Robert Russell 30
Chesterfield Russell 28
Robert Russell 6
Elizabeth Russell 3
Charles Russell 8 Mo

Source Citation: Parish: Dundee; ED: 35; Page: 1; Line: 28; Roll: 354; Year: 1851. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1851 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2006. Original data: Scotland. 1851 Scotland Census. Reels 1-217. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1851 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 30/31 March 1851. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

 

Robert Russell, File and Rasp Cutter
Robert Russell, File and Rasp Re-cutter
6 Mid Street Chapelshade Dundee
Courtesy of Derek Russell

6 Mid Road, Dundee - 2012 Photo

Map of Dundee showing location of Mid Road (just below Smithfield) c 1851
Map of Dundee showing location of Mid Road (unnamed street just below Smithfield), 1846
Caldrum St. (see 1861 Census) is just a couple of blocks south of St. David's Street

Charles Russell (age 8 months in the 1851 census) died Aug 16, 1851, of "teething". An unnamed child (son) was born on Aug 31, 1852, at Broughty Ferry and died that day of "disease of heart" and buried in the Old Howff Cemetery. An unnamed child (daughter) was prematurely born on May 31, 1853, and died that day. A stillborn child (daughter) was born on July 6, 1854. Robert Russell, filecutter, address was listed as Mid Street, Chapelshade. - Friends of Dundee City Archives, Howff Graveyard of Dundee, Ainitial Rob-Ryorie, 2008

 

1858 ..........

In the Dundee Post Office Directory for 1858, Robert Russell is listed as a File Smith and Re-Cutter.

File Smith and Re-Cutter - Robt. Russell, Mill's Lane
File Smith and Re-Cutter - Robt. Russell, Mill's Lane

Advertisement from the Dundee Post Office Directory, 1858
Advertisement from the Dundee Post Office Directory, 1858

 

1861 ..........

1861 Scotland Census - Dundee, Angus
Chesterfield Aimer Russell and children

Name: Chesterfield Russell
Age: 38
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1823
Relationship: Head
Spouse's Name:  
Gender: Female
Where born: Dundee, Forfarshire
Registration number: 282/1
Registration district: Dundee First District
Civil Parish: Dundee
County: Angus
Address: ?? Caldrum Street
Occupation: File Cutters Wife
ED: 21
Household schedule number: 253
Line: 11
Roll: CSSCT1861_39
Household Members:
Name Age
Chesterfield Russell 38
Robert Russell 16
Elizabeth Russell 13
John Russell 1

Source Citation: Parish: Dundee; ED: 21; Page: 42; Line: 11; Roll: CSSCT1861_39; Year: 1861.
Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1861 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2006. Original data: Scotland. 1861 Scotland Census. Reels 1-150. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1861 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 7/8 April 1861. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

 

1869 ..........

Chesterfield Aimer Russell died of "consumption" (tuberculosis) on Feb 11, 1869, at the age of 47.

 

1870 ..........

Robert Russell died of "spinal disease" (possibly related to lead poisoning and his trade as a file cutter) on Feb 3, 1870, in Larbert, Stirlingshire, at the age of 50.

 

1871 ..........

In the 1871 Scotland Census, John Scott Russell is living with his older brother Robert and his wife Jessie Smith in Dundee (see below).

 

1874 ..........

Agnes Adam died of "bronchitis" on April 2, 1874 in Chapelhall, Bothwell at the age of 84.

 

1881 ..........

1881 Scotland Census - St. Andrew, Dundee, Angus
Elizabeth and John Russell
 

Name: Elizabeth Russell
Age: 32
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1849
Relationship: Sister
Gender: Female
Where born: Dundee, Forfarshire
Registration Number: 282/4
Registration district: St Andrew
Civil parish: Dundee
County: Angus
Address: 51 Main St
Occupation: Dressmaker
ED: 30
Household schedule number: 180
Line: 22
Roll: cssct1881_88
Household Members:
Name Age
John S Russell 22
Elizabeth Russell 32

Source Citation: Parish: Dundee; ED: 30; Page:  34; Line: 21; Roll: cssct1881_88; Year: 1881. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1881 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1881 Scotland Census. Reels 1-338. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1881 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 3/4 April 1881. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

John Russell's occupation was "Joiner in Factory".

 

1882 ..........

John Scott Russell & Jane McBain Gray

John Scott Russell married Jane McBain Gray (born in 1859 in Blairgowrie, Perthshire, daughter of Alexander Gray and Agnes Gorrie) on June 9, 1882, in Dundee. They had four children: Agnes Jane Gray (born June 3, 1883); Chesterfield Aimer (born Sept 20, 1886); Elizabeth Aimer (born April 25, 1889); Ethel (born Aug 23, 1891); and William Gray (born Feb 11, 1894), all in Dundee. See Family Group Sheet for John Scott Russell

Agnes Jane Gray & Robert Leitch Yeaman | Chesterfield Aimer Russell & John William Bowden | Ethel Russell & John Clark

 

1891 ..........

1891 Scotland Census - St. Andrew, Dundee, Angus
John Russell & Jane Gray and family
 
Name: John Russel
Age: 32
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1859
Relationship: Head
Spouse's name : Jeannie Russel
Gender: Male
Where born: Dundee, Forfarshire
Registration Number: 282/4
Registration district: St Andrew
Civil parish: Dundee
County: Angus
Address: 53 Main St
Occupation: Joiner
ED: 45
Household schedule number: 149
Line: 7
Roll: CSSCT1891_96
Household Members:
Name Age
John Russel 32
Jeannie Russel 31
Agnes Jane Russel 7
Chesterfield Russel 4
Eliza Russel 1

Source Citation: Parish: Dundee; ED: 45; Page:  23; Line: 7; Roll: CSSCT1891_96; Year: 1891. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1891 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1891 Scotland Census. Reels 1-409. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1891 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 5/6 April 1891. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

 

1897 ..........

John Scott Russell's wife Jane McBain Gray died on May 16, 1897, in Dundee.  - Glenda Waugh

Elizabeth Sanderson Aimer died on Dec 30, 1897 in St. Andrews, Dundee at the age of 78.

The Last Will and Testament of Elizabeth Sanderson Aimer

"... to divide the residue of my said means and estate equally between Robert Russell, Mechanic, Dundee and John Russell, Joiner, Dundee my nephews and Elizabeth Russell my neice and with regard to the share of revenue bequeathed to my said neice Elizabeth Russell I direct the said John Proctor... to hold the same in Trust for her and to expend the same for her behoof..."

 

1898 ..........

Elizabeth Russell died of "phthisis pulmonary" (tuberculosis) in the Dundee Royal Lunatic Asylum in Liff and Benvie, Forfar, on May 9, 1898, at the age of 51.

 

John Scott Russell married Margaret Marr on May 11, 1900, in Dundee. They had two children: Colin Marr Russell (born Dec 20, 1900) and Sydney Marr Russell (born Dec 21, 1902).

Sydney Marr Russell & Nellie Ramsay

 

1901 ..........

1901 Scotland Census - St. Andrew, Dundee, Angus
John Russell & Margaret Marr and families
 

Name: John L Russell
Age: 41
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1860
Relationship: Head
Spouse's name : Margaret Russell
Gender: Male
Where born: Dundee, Forfarshire
Registration Number: 282/4
Registration district: St Andrew
Civil parish: Dundee
County: Angus
Address: 3 Roslin Terrace
Occupation: House Joiner
ED: 42
Household schedule number: 14
Line: 5
Roll: CSSCT1901_102
Household Members:
Name Age
John L Russell 41
Margaret Russell 39
Aggie J Russell 17
Carshofield Russell 14
John Black 12
Eliza Russell 11
Ethel Russell 9
William Russell 7
Flora Black 6
Colin Russell 3mo

Source Citation: Parish: Dundee; ED: 42; Page:  3; Line: 5; Roll: CSSCT1901_102; Year: 1901. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1901 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1901 Scotland Census. Reels 1-446. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1901 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 31 March/1 April 1901. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

John and Flora Black are Margaret Marr's children

 

1902 ..........

Sydney Marr Russell was born on Dec 21, 1902, in Dundee.

 

1911 ..........

1911 Scotland Census - St. Matthew, Dundee
John Scott Russell & Margaret Marr and family
231 Graham Place


John Russell (joiner in a jute factory) (53), Margaret (57), Agnes (27), Chesterfield (24), Eliza (21), William (17), Colin (10), Sydney (8),
John Black (22) & Flora Black (17)
John and Flora are Margaret's children from a previous marriage


See original document

 

1913 ..........

Chesterfield Aimer Russell & John William Bowden

Chesterfield Aimer Russell (daughter of John Scott Russell and Jane McBain Gray) married John William Bowden (son of John Bowden and Isabella Gray) on April 4, 1913, in Dundee.

 

1916 ..........

Agnes Jane Gray Russell & Robert Leich Yeaman

Agnes Jane Gray Russell (daughter of John Scott Russell and Jane McBain Gray) married Robert Leitch Yeaman (born Dec 18, 1885, son of David Yeaman and Catherine Leitch) on June 1, 1916, in Toronto, Canada. Robert had joined the Canadian Expeditionary Force on Dec 23, 1915, in Toronto. He served with the Canadian Infantry 18th and 124th Battalions in France.

 

1917 ..........

Robert Leitch Yeaman


From War Diaries of the First World War - 18th Canadian Infantry Battalion
See original document

Robert Leitch Yeaman died on Aug 21, 1917, and is buried in the Aix-Noulette Communal Cemetery Extension in Pas de Calais, France.

 

1921 ..........

Ethel Russell arrived into New York City aboard the Columbia on June 13, 1921.

Ethel Russell arrived into New York City aboard the Columbia on June 13, 1921. Her occupation was listed as a "children's nurse".

 

1926 ..........

Ethel Russell & John Clark

Ethel Russell married John Clark on April 3, 1926, in Manhattan, New York.

Name: Ethel Russell
Gender: Female
Marriage Date: 3 Apr 1926
Marriage Place: Manhattan, New York, USA
Spouse: John Clark
Certificate Number: 11431

Source Information: Ancestry.com. New York, New York, Marriage Indexes 1866-1937 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014. Original data: Index to New York City Marriages, 1866-1937. Indices prepared by the Italian Genealogical Group and the German Genealogy Group, and used with permission of the New York City Department of Records/Municipal Archives. Description: This index is your first step to marriage records from New York City, Kings County (Brooklyn), Manhattan, Queens, the Bronx, and Richmond County (Staten Island).

 

1927 ..........

Sydney Marr Russell & Nellie Ramsay

Sydney Marr Russell (son of John Scott Russell and Margaret Marr) married Nellie Ramsay (daughter of James Ramsay) in Dundee on Sept 21, 1927.

 

1930 ..........

1930 United States Federal Census - Bronx, New York
Ethel Russell & John Clark

Name: Ethel Clark
Gender: Female
Birth Year: abt 1892
Birthplace: Scotland
Race: White
Home in 1930: Bronx, Bronx, New York
Marital Status: Married
Immigration Year: 1914
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Spouse's Name: John Clark
Father's Birthplace: Scotland
Mother's Birthplace: Scotland
Household Members:
Name Age
John Clark 34
Ethel Clark 38
Margret Clark 3

Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Bronx, Bronx, New York; Roll: 1485; Page: 7A; Enumeration District: 0586; Image: 915.0; FHL microfilm: 2341220. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1930 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2002. Original data: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1930. T626, 2,667 rolls. Description: The 1930 Census contains records for approximately 123 million Americans. The census gives us a glimpse into the lives of Americans in 1930, and contains information about a household’s family members and occupants including: birthplaces, occupations, immigration, citizenship, and military service. The names of those listed in the census are linked to actual images of the 1930 Census.

 

1933 ..........

John Scott Russell died of "myocardial degeneration and enlarged prostate" on April 23, 1933, in the Royal Infirmary, Dundee, at the age of 73. The death certificate was signed by Sydney Russell, son.

 

1965 ..........

John William Bowden died on March 9, 1965, in Glasgow, at the age of 81. - Scotland's People (no image)

 

1972 ..........

Agnes Jane Gray Russell Yeaman (daughter of John Scott Russell and Jane McBain Gray) died in Jan 17, 1972, in Ormund Beach, Volusia County, Florida, at the age of 85. - ancestry.com

 

1983 ..........

Chesterfield Aimer Russell Bowden (daughter of John Scott Russell and Jane McBain Gray) died on May 24, 1983, in Glasgow, Scotland, at the age of 94.  - Scotland's People (no image)

 

Robert Russell &

Jessie Smith
Born: Feb 7, 1846* Born: Born: July 5, 1843
Place: Dundee, Angusshire, Scotland Place: Place: Caldhame Mill, Marykirk, Scotland
Married: Dec 7, 1869
Place: Dundee, Angusshire
Died: July 13, 1921 Died: Died: March 5, 1901
Place: Mains and Strathmartine, Forfar  Place: 4 South George, Dundee
Buried: Buried:

* Glenda Waugh

David Smith Russell & Isabella Stewart Duff | George Aimer Russell & Susan Brown Melville | Frank Russell & Jean Watterston
Jessie Russell & Peter McKenzie | Chesterfield Aimer Russell & James Grant Ingram | Robert Russell & Agnes "Ethel" Hunter
John Russell & Catherine Smith

Jessie Smith's grandparents were David Smith & Ann Mill. Jessie Smith married Robert Russell on Dec 7, 1869, in Dundee. They had ten children: Robert (born Feb 27, 1870); David Smith Russell (born April 12, 1871, in Dundee), George Aimer Russell (born June 25, 1872, in Dundee), Frank Russell (born July 9, 1874, in Dundee), Jessie Russell (born July 13, 1876, in St. Andrews, Dundee), Chesterfield Aimer Russell (born July 18, 1878, in Dundee), Marjorie Smith Russell (born Dec 9, 1881, in Dundee and died in July 1883, in St. Andrews, Dundee), Robert Russell (born Dec 9, 1882, in Dundee), Eliza Aimer Russell (born Jan 23, 1884, in St. Andrews, Dundee), and John Russell (born Sept 19, 1885, in Dundee).

Children Born Place Died C.O.D. Place
Robert Russell Feb 27, 1870 St. Andrew, Dundee May 1, 1870 Bronchitis Dundee
David Smith Russell April 12, 1871 St. Andrew, Dundee Feb 15, 1904 Tuberculosis Dundee
George Aimer Russell June 25, 1872 St. Andrew, Dundee Dec 17, 1953   Dundee
Frank Russell July 9, 1874 St. Andrew, Dundee May 23, 1959 Cancer Dundee
Jessie Russell July 13, 1876 St. Andrew, Dundee 1961   Inveresk and Musselburgh
Chesterfield Aimer Russell July 18, 1878 St. Andrew, Dundee May 12, 1935 Stroke Dundee
Marjorie Smith Russell Dec 20, 1881 St. Andrew, Dundee July 28, 1883 Congestion of brain Dundee
ROBERT RUSSELL Dec 9, 1882 St. Andrew, Dundee March 1, 1944
 (Obit)
Cancer Powell River, B.C.
Eliza Aimer Russell Jan 23, 1884 St. Andrew, Dundee June 18, 1956 Anemia Dundee
John Russell Sept 19, 1885 St. Andrew, Dundee Jan 25, 1958   Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh

Jessie and Robert's firstborn was called Robert and he died age 2 months of bronchitis. I found his birth and death on Scotland's People - 27 February 1870, 1 May 1870. That would make sense as Scottish naming traditions were still strong then, the first son being called after the paternal grandfather (hence the long line of Robert Russells), and often subsequent children in a family were called after a deceased one. - Lindsay Russell (granddaughter of John Russell)

 

1870 ..........

Robert Russell, Sr. died of "spinal disease" (possibly related to lead poisoning and his trade as a file cutter) on Feb 3, 1870, at the age of 50. Robert Russell, Jr.'s baby boy Robert was born on Feb 27 and died on May 1, 1870.

 

1871 ..........

Jessie Smith Russell c 1871
Jessie Smith Russell c 1871
Courtesy of Lindsay Russell

1871 Scotland Census - St. Andrews, Angus
Robert Russell and Jessie Smith and Robert's little brother John Scott Russell (b. Dec 13, 1859)
 
Name: Robert Rusell
Age: 26
Estimated birth year: abt 1845
Relationship: Head
Spouse's name : Jessie
Gender: Male
Where born: Forfarshire, Marykirk
Registration Number: 282/4
Registration district: St Andrew
Civil parish: St Andrew
County: Angus
Address: Catherine St No 17
Occupation: Power Loom Factory
ED: 29A
Household schedule number: 323
Line: 20
Roll: CSSCT1871_53
Household Members:
Name Age
Robert Rusell 26
Jessie Smith 27
John Russell 11

Source Citation: Parish: St Andrew; ED: 29A; Page:  12; Line: 20; Roll  CSSCT1871_53; Year: 1871. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1871 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1871 Scotland Census. Reels 1-191. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1871 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 2/3 April 1871. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

David Smith Russell was born on April 12, 1871.

Russell, Robert, mechanic, 17 Catherine Street from the Dundee Post Office Directory for 1871
Russell, Robert, mechanic, 17 Catherine Street -  from the Dundee Post Office Directory for 1871

Workers at a Linen Power Loom Factory in Dundee
Workers at a Linen Power Loom Factory in Dundee

 

1874 ..........

Agnes Adam (Robert's mother) died of "bronchitis" on April 2, 1874 in Chapelhall, Bothwell at the age of 84. Marjorie Smith (Jessie's mother) died on April 10, 1874, in Dundee, at the age of 62.

 

1878 ..........

The Dundee Directory for 1878-1879 lists a "Russell, Robert, mechanic, 13 North Wellington Street".

 

1881 ..........

1881 Scotland Census - Dundee, Angus
Robert Russell and Jessie Smith and family

Name: Robert Russell
Age: 37
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1844
Relationship: Head
Spouse's Name: Jessie
Gender: Male
Where born: Dundee, Forfarshire
Registration number: 282/4
Registration district: St. Andrew
Civil Parish: Dundee
County: Angus
Address: 17 Roslin Terrace
Occupation: Machine Fitter at Jute Factory
ED: 24
Household schedule number: 213
Line: 14
Roll: cssct1881_87
Household Members:
Name Age
Robert Russell 37
Jessie Russell 38
David S Russell 11
George A Russell 9
Frank Russell 7
Jessie Russell 5
Chesterfield A Russell 3
Marjory S Russell 3 Mo

Source Citation: Parish: Dundee; ED: 24; Page: 46; Line: 14; Roll: cssct1881_87; Year: 1881. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1881 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1881 Scotland Census. Reels 1-338. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1881 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 3/4 April 1881. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

1881 Distribution of Surname Russell

Marjory S Russell was born in 1881 and died in 1883. 

Jess carried a burden of guilt all her life about the death of Marjory. She had been looking after the baby on a hot day - unusual in Dundee! - and that Marjory kept pulling her sunhat off, and Jess couldn't get her to keep it on. Marjory's cause of death was "congestion of the brain" and Jess believed it was sunstroke, and her fault. How terribly sad! - from Lindsay Russell

Robert was born in 1882, Eliza was born in 1883, and John was born in 1885.

 

1886 ..........

In the Dundee Directory for 1886, Robert Russell is listed as a mechanic, 8 Roslin Terrace, Clepington.

Russell, Robert, mechanic, 8 Roslin terrace, Clepington
Russell, John, joiner, 53 Main Street and Robert, mechanic, 8 Roslin terrace, Clepington
John Scott Russell (Robert's brother) was a joiner

 

1891 ..........

1891 Scotland Census - Dundee, Angus
Robert Russell and Jessie Smith and family

Name: Robert Russell
Age: 47
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1844
Relationship: Head
Spouse's Name: Jessie
Gender: Male
Where born: Dundee, Forfarshire
Registration number: 282/4
Registration district: St. Andrew
Civil Parish: Dundee
County: Angus
Address: 15 Court St
Occupation: Jute Mechanic Fitter
ED: 28
Household schedule number: 38
Line: 16
Roll: CSSCT1891_95
Household Members:
Name Age
Robert Russell 47
Jessie Russell 48
David Russell 19
Geo Russell 18
Frank Russell 16
Jessie Russell 14
Chesterfield A Russell 12
Robt Russell 8
Eliza Russell 7
John Russell 5

Source Citation: Parish: Dundee; ED: 28; Page: 8; Line: 16; Roll: CSSCT1891_95; Year: 1891. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1891 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1891 Scotland Census. Reels 1-409. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1891 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 5/6 April 1891. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

Robert Russell and Jessie Smith and family c 1891
Back row from left standing: Jess, George, Frank, and Chesterfiled
Front row seated from left: Robert (with beard), Eliza, John, David, Robert and Jessie Smith
Photo courtesy Lindsay Russell

Map of Dundee showing Court St. (middle) c 1901
Map of Dundee showing Court St. (middle) c 1901
Note the "Angus Jute Works" in the upper left and other "works"(jute spinners and manufacturers) in the area
From the Plan of Dundee, Bartholomew Survey Atlas of Scotland, 1912

From the Preface of Jute Spinning by William Leggatt, Dundee, May, 1893
From the Preface of Jute Spinning by William Leggatt, Dundee, May, 1893

Jute Spinning by William Leggatt, Dundee, May, 1893 (9 MB pdf)

Tay Rope Works, Thomson Street, Dundee c. 1910
Tay Rope Works, Thomson Street, Dundee c. 1910

The British East India Company was the British Empire Authority delegated in India from the 17th century to the middle of 20th century. The company was the first Jute trader. The company traded mainly in raw jute during the 19th century. During the start of the 20th century, the company started trading raw jute with Dundee’s Jute Industry. This company had monopolistic access to this trade during that time. Margaret Donnelly was a jute mill landowner in Dundee in the 1800s. She set up the first jute mills in India. The Entrepreneurs of the Dundee Jute Industry in Scotland were called The Jute Barons.

In 1793, the East India Company exported the first consignment of jute. This first shipment, 100 tons, was followed by additional  shipments at irregular intervals. Eventually, a consignment found its way to Dundee, Scotland where the flax spinners were anxious to learn whether jute could be processed mechanically.

Starting in the 1830's,  the Dundee spinners learned how to spin jute yarn by modifying their power-driven flax machinery. The rise of the jute industry in Dundee saw a corresponding increase in the  production and export of raw jute from the Indian sub-continent which was  the sole supplier of this primary commodity...

The earliest goods woven of jute in Dundee were coarse bagging  materials. With longer experience, however, finer fabrics called burlap, or hessian as it is known in India, were produced. This superior cloth met a ready sale and, eventually, the Indian Jute Mills began to turn out these fabrics. The natural advantage these mills enjoyed soon gave Calcutta world leadership in  burlap and bagging materials and the mills in Dundee and other countries turned to specialties, a great variety of which were developed.

Jute rope from the factory
Rope from the jute mill

Read more about the History of Jute

Between 1841 and 1901 the population of Dundee tripled, from 45,000 to 161,000. In 1883 over 1 million bales of raw jute were unloaded in Dundee. By the turn of the century the industry employed more than 50,000 people in over 100 mills. The city was truly the jute capital of the world...

In 1820 the first twenty bales of jute were unloaded at Dundee docks. It was to change the city’s destiny forever. So how did the fortunes of a Scottish city and a faraway region of the Indian sub-continent become so intertwined? The answer, in part, lies in Dundee’s industrial traditions. Weaving, whaling and shipbuilding were the three vital ingredients that made Dundee the jute capital of the then modern world. Weaving was an important occupation in Dundee as far back as the 16th century so the skills were already in place to adapt to jute processing. The local whaling fleet provided the whale oil needed to soften the jute and make it workable. And Dundee’s ship building industry (another offshoot of the whaling heritage) was put to work to construct the big, fast ships that brought the jute from India. On top of which new, worldwide markets were opening up for jute products, a fact the enterprising merchant community was quick to recognise...

Work in the Dundee jute mills of the 19th century offered little but drudgery, exhaustion, low wages and constant danger. Most of the workers were women and children (they cost less to employ) and employment law was virtually non-existent.  Everybody would be covered in dust or ‘stour’, clogging eyes, mouths and noses. The noise of the machinery created an ever-present, ear-splitting din, with the result that many workers went deaf. Women outnumbered men three to one in the mills, an imbalance in the labour market that gained Dundee the nickname of ‘she town’. It created a unique and tough breed of women, born out of being the main providers for the family. The mill girls were noted for their stubborn independence. “Overdressed, loud, bold-eyed girls” according to one observer and often ‘roarin’ fou’ with drink – characteristics that caused consternation among the ‘gentlefolk’ of Dundee. Working alongside the women would be thousands of children. Again they commanded only low wages, and being so small meant they could pack the machines closer together. Children under nine would work as ‘pickers’, cleaning dust from beneath the machines. Health hazards were unavoidable. The heat, dust, grease and oil fumes caused a condition known as ‘Mill fever’, which would lead to respiratory diseases like bronchitis. And there was always the risk of accidents with the machines, graphic descriptions of which were common reading in the local newspaper.

- from Dundee Heritage Trust, Verdant Works at http://www.rrsdiscovery.com/index.php?pageID=114

 

1895 ..........

David Smith Russell & Isabella Stewart Duff

David Smith Russell (clothiers assistant) married Isabella Stewart Duff (tailoress) on July 17, 1895, in Dundee. They had three children: Ella Duff (born June 2, 1897); Robert Aimer (born Oct 18, 1889); and David Smith (born Oct 5, 1895).

Ella Duff Russell & William Low Smith | Robert Aimer Russell & Violet Welch | David Smith Russell & Winifred Doris Crichton

 

1899 ..........

George Aimer Russell graduated from Edinburgh University with a degree in Mathematics and Natural Philosophy.

Edinburgh University Graduation
Edinburgh University Graduation

Mathematics and natural philosophy - George Aimer Russell
Mathematics and natural philosophy - George Aimer Russell

 

1900 ..........

Robert Russell, Jr. began his merchant marine sailing career aboard the M.S. Renee Rickmers (a German sailing vessel) around 1900. He may have boarded the ship in Dundee. It left Nagasaki, Japan for Oregon on Aug 7, 1901 (The Call, San Francisco, Aug 13, 1901). He left the ship in Portland, Oregon, at the end of September or beginning of October, 1901.

 

Rickmers, Reismuhlen, Rhederei- und Schiffbau AG, Bremerhaven

Renee Rickmers

M.S. Renee Rickmers
M.S. Renee Rickmers

A four-masted iron barque built in 1887 by Russell & Co., Port Glasgow. Dimensions: 86,25x2,31x,46 meters [283'0x40'5x4'6], tonnage: 2135 GRT and 2064 NRT. 1887 August Launched at the shipyard of Russell & Co., Port Glasgow, for Rickmers, Reismuhlen, Rhederei- und Schiffbau AG, Bremerhaven. 1913 Sold to Gustav Erikson, Mariehamn, Aland and was renamed Aland. 1914 August 20 Stranded on a reef at New Caledonia.

Renee Rickmers, Lloyd's Register, 1888
Renee Rickmers in Lloyd's Register, 1889

From The Call, San Francisco, October 27, 1897
From The Call, San Francisco, October 27, 1897
See
original document

Cardiff to Hongkong in 95 days
Cardiff to Hongkong in 95 days (May 12-Aug 15, 1898)


Woman's Realm, Miss Renee Rickmers
who sailed her father's ship while crossing the Atlantic
From the New York Daily Tribune, Sunday, May 20, 1906

From the New York Times, August 5, 1912
From the New York Times, August 5, 1912

See Wreck Site - Renee Rickmers

 

1901 ..........

Jessie Smith died of "nephritis and pulmonary congestion" on March 5, 1901, in Dundee, at the age of 57.

The 1901 Census was conducted on March 31-April 1.

1901 Scotland Census - St. Andrew, Dundee, Angus
Robert Russell and children

Name: Robert Russell
Age: 57
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1844
Relationship: Head
Spouse's Name: Jessie
Gender: Male
Where born: Dundee, Forfarshire
Registration number: 282/4
Registration district: St. Andrew
Civil Parish: Dundee
County: Angus
Address: 4 South G St
Occupation: Twine Martin Mechanic
ED: 27
Household schedule number: 161
Line: 17
Roll: CSSCT1901_101
Household Members:
Name Age
Robert Russell 57
Frank Russell 26
Jessie Russell 24
Chesterfield Russell 22
Eliza Russell 17
John Russell 15

Source Citation: Parish: Dundee; ED: 27; Page: 25; Line: 17; Roll: CSSCT1901_101; Year: 1901.
Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1901 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1901 Scotland Census. Reels 1-446. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1901 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 31 March/1 April 1901. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

David (29), George (28), and Robert (18) were living elsewhere.

Eliza Russell c 1901
Eliza Russell c 1901
Courtesy of Lindsay Russell

Map showing S George St (upper left) 2 blocks north of King St.
Map showing S George St (upper left) 2 blocks north of King St.
Agnes Russell (Robert's future wife) was living on King Street at the time of the 1901 census
From the Plan of Dundee, Bartholomew Survey Atlas of Scotland, 1912

1901 Scotland Census - St. Andrew, Dundee, Angus
David Smith Russell & Isabella Stewart Duff and their family

Name: David S Russell
Age: 29
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1872
Relationship: Head
Spouse's name : Isabella S Russell
Gender: Male
Where born: Dundee, Forfarshire
Registration Number: 282/4
Registration district: St Andrew
Civil parish: Dundee
COUNTY: Angus
Address: 34 Baldovan Terrace
Occupation: Clothiers Assistant
ED: 36
Household schedule number: 167
Line: 12
Roll: CSSCT1901_101
Household Members:
Name Age
David S Russell 29
Isabella S Russell 29
David D Russell 5
Ella D Russell 3
Robert A Russell 1

Source Citation: Parish: Dundee; ED: 36; Page:  25; Line: 12; Roll: CSSCT1901_101; Year: 1901. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1901 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1901 Scotland Census. Reels 1-446. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1901 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 31 March/1 April 1901. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

1901 Scotland Census - Bathgate, West Lothian
George Aimer Russell

Name: George A Russell
Age: 28
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1873
Relationship: Boarder
Gender: Male
Where born: Dundee, Forfarshire
Registration Number: 662/1
Registration district: Bathgate
Civil parish: Bathgate
COUNTY: West Lothian
Address: 44 Hopetown Street
Occupation: Mathematical & Science Master
ED: 7
Household schedule number: 223
Line: 13
Roll: CSSCT1901_354
Household Members:
Name Age
William Fairley 36
Alice Fairley 34
Fanny Thompson 14
Charles Thompson 7
Rose Barnett 22
George A Russell 28

Source Citation: Parish: Bathgate; ED: 7; Page:  45; Line: 13; Roll: CSSCT1901_354; Year: 1901. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1901 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1901 Scotland Census. Reels 1-446. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1901 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 31 March/1 April 1901. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

The Dundee Directory for 1902 lists Robert Russell, mechanic, 4 South George Street.

Horse drawn carts near the East Railway Station, Dundee, c 1900
Horse drawn carts near the East Railway Station, Dundee, c 1900
Carts like these were used to haul cargo (such as jute) from the docks to the factories
Photo by Alexander Wilson, Manager of a Jute Factory

The two ships are two masted and quite small, so they are most likely whalers
The two ships are two masted and quite small, so they are most likely whalers, perhaps harbouring prior to a voyage to the frozen expanses of Greenland and the Davis Straits, where seals and walrus were also caught for bone, oil and skins.

See more about A Voyage to the Arctic in the Whaler Aurora & The Dundee Seal and Whale Fishing Company

The Renee Rickmers arrived into Hull from Chemainus on Oct 21, 1900. It sailed from Nagasaki, Japan for Oregon on Aug 7, 1901. - from the San Francisco Call 13 August 1901.

Renee Rickmers
Renee Rickmers

Robert Russell (along with another ten sailors from the Renee Rickmers) boarded the Falls of Halladale (a 275 foot, four-masted barque) on October 4, 1901, sailing from Portland, Oregon via San Francisco and Valparaiso, Chile and around Cape Horn, to Grimsby, England (arriving April 9, 1902). This was the last leg of a two year around-the-world journey for the Falls of Halladale with William Fordyce as Captain. After this voyage, Captain Fordyce retired and was replaced by Captain John Carlyle. Captain Thomson was the captain of the  Falls of Halladale when it ran aground on the coast of Australia in 1908.

Read about the two year around-the-world journey made by the Falls of Halladale 1901-1902 in Sea Breezes, Dec, 1998.
 

Wright, Graham & Co.

The Falls of Halladale

The Falls of Halladale sinking off Peterborough, Victoria, Australia, Nov 14, 1908

The Falls of Halladale was a four-masted iron-hulled barque that was built in 1886 for the long-distance bulk carrier trade. Her dimensions were 83,87m x 12,64m x 7,23m and she displaced 2085 GRT and 2026 NRT. Built for the Falls Line (Wright, Breakenridge & Co., Glasgow, Scotland) at the shipyard of Russell & Co., Greenock on the River Clyde, she was named after a rather small waterfall on the Halladale River in the Caithness district of Scotland. The ship's design was advanced for her time, incorporating features that improved crew safety and efficiency such as elevated bridges to allow the crew to move between forward and aft in relative safety during heavy seas. The Falls of Halladale was the seventh vessel in a series of eight similar iron-hulled sailing ships, all built by Russell & Co and all named after waterfalls in Scotland. The Falls of Halladale was preceded by the Falls of Clyde (1878), the Falls of Bruar (1879), the Falls of Dee (1882), the Falls of Afton (1882), the Falls of Foyers (1883) and the Falls of Earn (1884). The Falls of Halladale was followed by a sister ship, the Falls of Garry (1886). The Falls of Clyde is afloat today and is a major attraction at the Hawaii Maritime Center in Honolulu. - from Wikipedia

The Falls of Halladale was one of the last of the "windjammers". It belonged to the celebrated Glasgow Falls Line: a fleet, which was built for carrying cargo and for speed under sail.


The British Ship Falls of Halladale Makes a Record for Herself
The Call, San Francisco, Friday, January 24, 1896
See
original document




Mutiny on the Ship Falls of Halladale, Outbreak quelled by Captain Fordyce
The Call, San Francisco, Thursday, August 10, 1899
See
original document

The Falls of Halladale had a reputation for running overdue and was frequently reported "missing" at sea. The longest journey and most arduous of the ships journeys was from Liverpool to San Francisco in 1903. The Captain intended to take the vessel around Cape Horn but fierce winds and mountainous seas forced a change of course around the much longer "great circle route". By he time the ship reached New Zealand, the exhausted crew mutinied and forced the ship to anchor in Foveaux Strait for several days. Finally with the mutineers in irons, the Falls of Halladale limped into San Francisco just 273day after it left Liverpool.
Read a letter from Captain Thomson to friends in New Zealand regarding
the trip to San Francisco in 1904.


Mutiny and Raging Tempests Lend Terror to Four-Master
The Call, San Francisco, Monday, March 14, 1904
See
original document

The coastal waters of Victoria are home to a collection of international cargo vessels that were lost in the treacherous conditions of Bass Strait. The ‘Eye of the Needle’ was the final leg of a long voyage that commenced on the other side of the globe. Threading this needle – the task of sailing a ship through the narrow passage between the Bass Strait islands, then into the 3km wide entrance to Port Phillip, was one of the most dangerous and dreaded segments of the voyage, and ultimately the trap for many ships.

Map of Australia showing the "Eye of the needle" between Tasmania and Melbourne
Map of Australia showing the "Eye of the needle" between Tasmania and Melbourne c. 1900

The Scottish-built four-masted barque Falls of Halladale was one of the great vessels to fail the final challenge of its journey. The international trader was 102 days out from New York with £50,000 of industrial and domestic cargo including slate, sewing machines and railway iron when it ran ashore at Peterborough on 14 November 1908.

A mist over the land had created an optical illusion of a distant horizon, and the crew thought the ship was 10 miles off the coast when it was less than one mile away, heading for the rocks. When the danger was discovered, it was too late. The anchors could not be let go in time, and the ship had no headway to change tack. The Falls of Halladale struck heavily amidships, about 200 yards from shore. The crew of 29 abandoned ship safely and all made it ashore by boat, leaving the ship foundering with her sails unfurled. For weeks after the wreck large crowds gathered to view the ship as she gradually broke up and then sank in the shallow water.

Soon after the accident the ship's master, Capt. Thomson, was brought before a Court of Marine Inquiry in Melbourne and found guilty of a gross act of misconduct, having carelessly navigated the ship, having neglected to take proper soundings, and having failed to place the ship on a port tack before it became too late to avoid the shipwreck. Capt. Thomson's punishment included a small fine and he had his Certificate of Competency as a Master suspended for six months.

A contemporary photograph of the wreck shows picnickers on the nearby cliffs viewing the spectacular sight of the 2000 ton iron ship stuck fast with its sails set.

2008 marks the 100-year anniversary of the wrecking of the Falls of Halladale. Local residents organised a commemorative event on the weekend following the 14th of November to remember and celebrate the occasion.

- From the Government of Australia, Famous Australian Shipwrecks
See Falls of Halladale - Flagstaff Hill and Wreck of Falls of Halladale from the Evening Post, Rorahi, New Zealand
See Falls of Halladale Memorial Plaque Inscription

See Wreck Site - Falls of Halladale

Lloyd's Register 1887-88, Falls of Halladale
British Registered Sailing Vessels, 1899, Falls of Halladale

City of Portland and Mt. Hood, c 1905
City of Portland and Mt. Hood, c 1905

In spite of all the hyperbole about entering a new and purified century, Portland entered the 20th Century carrying with it all of the ruthless and degraded baggage belonging to the last one. The rich had become fabulously wealthy and the poor, especially the poor waterfront worker or sailor, was no better off than ever before. The waterfront and the business of ships carried with it the stigma of lowlife, of the very lowest kind. When interviewed about the conditions of the sailors and Portland's reputation as the “Shanghai capital of the world,” the average citizen would say something like, “Why should I care what happens to them? They are no better than beasts.” In December of 1901 the French Consul General in San Francisco began formal complaints to the U.S. Government about French sailors being continually crimped in Portland. And just two years before, in June of 1899, the British parliament had debated a report by James Laidlaw, the British Consul in Portland concerning the crimping practices in the port. At that time the New York Times reported that the British and the French governments were joining forces to bring about change in Portland. Bunko Kelly, for one, was proud of his accomplishments in helping to bring worldwide notoriety (or infamy) to the city. The final chapter of his prison diary is subtitled “How Bunko Kelly brought about a treaty between England and the United States.” Mr. Kelly spun this yarn in an interesting manner, as blatant as the rest of his tall tales. He says in the second paragraph of the chapter, “James Laidlaw, the British consul at Portland, Or., wrote to his home government that there was a bad man in Portland tying up most of the English ships and securing wages for English sailors, and that it had to be stopped in some way.” - from Portland Waterfront 1900 through 1939, A Bright New Century

Crimpers operated in several ways in 1890s Portland and Astoria. Most ran boardinghouses at which rent was on “credit,” and when a captain needed 10 or 20 able-bodied sailors (“A.B.s,” they called them) the crimper would simply clear the house out, collecting a fee of $30 to $100 a head from the captain and usually delivering the men unconscious, wrapped in a canvas tarp. If there weren’t enough out-of-work cowboys, loggers and farm hands living in the boardinghouse, the crimper might try prowling the downtown watering holes, chatting customers up and slipping knockout drops into their drinks. And if all else failed, some of them would take a tarp and a blackjack and go find someone to clobber. Crimpers drummed up extra business by coaxing sailors to desert while they were in port. Sometimes, when the cargo was unloaded and it was time to set sail, captains found themselves “buying” their old crew back. - from Portland was the "shanghai" Capital of the world in the 1890's

Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, Falls of Halladale, 1900

Crew List from the Falls of Halladale showing crew who came aboard from the Renee Rickmers
Crew List from the Falls of Halladale showing crew who came aboard from the Renee Rickmers
See original document

Robert Russell's Certificate of Discharge, 1901-1904, showing Falls of Halladale, Portland to Grimsby
Robert Russell's Certificate of Discharge, 1901-1904, showing Falls of Halladale, Portland to Grimsby
The abbreviation AB indicates "Able Seaman".
See
original document

British Consulate, Portland, Oregon, 9 Oct 1901
James Laidlaw, British Consulate, Portland, Oregon, 9 Oct 1901

Astoria - Sailed Oct 13 - bark Falls of Halladale... for Queenstown
Astoria - Sailed Oct 13 - bark Falls of Halladale... for Queenstown
From the San Francisco Call October 14, 1901

Tillamook Rock and Lighthouse, Astoria, Oregon
Tillamook Rock and Lighthouse, Astoria, Oregon, Oct 14, 1901

Falls of Halladale
Falls of Halladale

Crew of the Falls of Halladale, c 1901
Crew of the Falls of Halladale, San Francisco, California, c 1901
Captain William Fordyce
Robert Russell, front row, middle (?)
Photo courtesy Bill Cockburn, Grandson of Captain William Fordyce
Photographer T.H. Wilton, 838 Market St., San Francisco

San Francisco, California c. 1900
San Francisco, California c. 1900

Teatro Victoria, Valparaiso, Chile c 1900
Teatro Victoria, Valparaiso, Chile c 1900

Falls of Halladale by Jack Spurling
Falls of Halladale by Jack Spurling

The Falls of Halladale, A.J. Jansen, c 1910
The Falls of Halladale, A.J. Jansen, c 1910

Read about the two year around-the-world journey made by the Falls of Halladale 1901-1902 in Sea Breezes, Dec, 1998.
Read a letter from Captain Thomson to friends in New Zealand regarding
the trip to San Francisco in 1904.

 

1902 ..........

Robert Russell served aboard the Aurora (#75184) from May 10, 1902 until March 22, 1905.
The Aurora traveled from South Shields, England to Spain, Tenerife, Algeria, Greece and France.

Note: There were two different Auroras: the first one (ship # 75184) was a 244 foot, 823 ton,  iron-hulled vessel built (by the Gourlay Brothers) in Dundee in 1876 and owned in 1880 by James Murdie, Dundee; and the second (ship # 75196) was a 165 foot, 386 ton wood-hulled vessel built in Dundee in 1877 and owned in 1880 by William Stephen, Marine Parade, Dundee. - from The Mercantile Navy List and Maritime Directory for 1880 The Aurora (that was built in 1877) was one of the ships of the Dundee Seal and Whale Fishing Company fleet out of Dundee, Scotland. From 1877 to 1910, the Aurora made annual crossings of the Atlantic from Dundee to St. John's, Newfoundland to take part in the whale and seal hunt in the Arctic waters between Baffin Island and Greenland. Sixteen ships sailed from Dundee every January for the early seal-fishery in Newfoundland. After a refit at St John's they went on to Davis Strait (between Baffin Island and Greenland) and the sealing and whaling grounds, returning home in the autumn with oil and whalebone. The peak catch season for whaling off the coast of Newfoundland was in 1904.  This was a dangerous endeavour as the hunt took place amongst the ice floes. Many sealing and whaling vessels were caught in the floes and crushed by the ice.

See more about A Voyage to the Arctic in the Whaler Aurora & The Dundee Seal and Whale Fishing Company

 

R. A. Mudie & Sons

SS Aurora

SS Aurora (# 75184)
SS Aurora (# 75184) courtesy of Lindsay Russell

R A Mudie and Sons were at Maritime Buildings , East Dock St, Dundee. The company owned three steamers in 1910- Aurora 748/76, Gloamin 2248/95 and Matin 2433/93. A separate company RA and JH Mudie was also listed at Virginia Buildings, Seagate, Dundee in 1910.( Village SS Co Ltd ). They owned the steamer Drumgeith 2472/05


 

Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, Aurora, 1902

British Registered Steam Vessels, 1904, S.S. Aurora

Certificates or Indorsements made by Consuls or by Officers in British Possessions Abroad

May 10-13, 1902 South Shields, England
May 24-June 2 Undecipherable
June 1-5 Oran, Algeria
July 4-12 Undecipherable
July 15-16 Oran, Algeria
July 24-31 London, England
Aug 18-21 Carthagena, Spain
Aug 27-Sept 8 Patras, Greece
Sept 30 Newport, England
Oct 9-15 Aguilas, Spain
Oct 16-20 Undecipherable
Nov 12 Newcastle, England
Nov 24-26 Barcelona, Spain
Dec 1-3 Burriana, Spain
Dec 7-11 Valencia, Spain
Dec 12-13 Gandia, Spain
Dec 15-17 Gandia, Spain
Dec 29-Feb 17 London, England
1903.........................................  
Feb 25 Newcastle, England
March 10-15 Almeria, Spain
March 23 Valencia, Spain
March 27-28 Burriana, Spain
April 8 Bristol, England
April 11 Swansea, Wales
April 26-30 Santa Cruz, Tenerife
June 1-5 Fecamp, France
June 10 Newcastle, England
June 20-July 2 Seville, France
July 14-15 Burntisland, Scotland
July 20 Newcastle, England
July 30-Aug 7 Carthagena, Spain
Aug 25 Burntisland, Scotland
Aug 29 Newcastle, England
Sept 9-15 Carthagena, Spain
Sept 21-24 Patras, Greece
Sept 27-Oct 1 Patras, Greece
Oct 17 Liverpool, England
Oct 27 Newport, England
Nov 13-14 Oran, Algeria
Dec 9 Newcastle, England
Dec 20-Jan 2 Seville, Spain
1904.........................................  
Jan 6-11 Huelva, Spain
Jan 20 Burntisland, Scotland
Jan 25-Feb 7 Newcastle, England
Feb 15 Carthagena, Spain
Feb 17 Valencia, Spain
Feb 23 Valencia, Spain
March 22 Newcastle-on-Tyne, England

Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, Aurora, 1902
Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, Aurora, 1903
Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, Aurora, 1904

The Aurora was in Oran in July, 1902
The Aurora was in Oran, French Algeria in July, 1902

Oran, Algeria c. 1902
Oran, Algeria c. 1902

 

Jessie Russell married Peter McKenzie on Dec 24, 1902, at the Lambs Hotel in Dundee. They had five children: Violet (born about 1904 in England); Robert Russell (born Nov 15, 1905, in England); Jessie (born about 1909 in Edinburgh); Russell (born after 1911); and Peter (born about 1914).

Jess married Peter MacKenzie, a mechanic with Singer Sewing Machine Co, on 24 December 1902, and eventually settled in Musselburgh, just east of Edinburgh. Their children were Peter, Jessie, Violet (Violet Troup's mother) and Russell. Jess also worked for Singer prior to her marriage. - Lindsay Russell

 

 

1903 ..........

Jack Russell, 1903
Jack Russell, 1903

John "Jack" Russell, pupil teacher aged 18, with his class, Rosebank Primary School, Dundee, 1903
John "Jack" Russell, pupil teacher aged 18, with his class, Rosebank Primary School, Dundee, 1903
Photos courtesy Lindsay Russell

Rosebank School, Dundee, by Alexander Wilson
Rosebank School, Dundee, by Alexander Wilson

In April of 1903, the Aurora was in Santa Cruz, Tenerife in the Canary Islands after stopping at various ports in Spain.

British Consulate, Santa Cruz, Tenerife, Vessell Arrived 26th April, 1903
British Consulate, Santa Cruz, Tenerife, Vessell Arrived 26th April, 1903

Map of the Canary Islands c 1900
Map of the Canary Islands c 1900

Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, Aurora, 1903
Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, Aurora, 1904

 

George Aimer Russell & Susan Brown Melville

George Aimer Russell married Susan Melville (born about 1869) on July 7, 1903, in Edinburgh. George's usual place of residence was given as Kilmarnock. They had one child: Chrissie Aimer (born Nov 7, 1906). in Peterhead, Aberdeen, Scotland.

 

1904 ..........

George Aimer Russell, M.A., B.Sc.

On Jan 8, 1904, George Aimer Russell, M.A., B.Sc., 29 Glebe Road, Kilmarnock,  was "balloted for and duly elected Fellow of the Society" (the Royal Astronomical Society). - from Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 64, January 8, 1904, No. 3

David Smith Russell died of "tuberculosis" on Feb 15, 1904, in Dundee.

 

1905 ..........

On June 22, 1905, Robert Russell, Jr. boarded the Baron Dalmeny in Ardrossan, Scotland, for a voyage to Calcutta, India. He would spend the next five years on the Tregantle (to Egypt), Glenisla (to Spain), Gloamin (to India), S.S. Milmore (to France), S.S. Lynx (to France) and the Ibex (to France) out of various British ports and as 2nd Mate on all of these ships.

The second mate is the third in command and a watchkeeping officer, customarily the ships navigator. The navigator's role focuses on creating the ship's passage plans. A passage plan is a comprehensive, step by step description of how the voyage is to proceed from berth to berth. The plan includes undocking, departure, the en route portion of a voyage, approach, and mooring at the destination. - from Wikipedia

Robert Russell's Mercantile Marine Continuous Certificate of Discharge

Sextant belong to Robber Russell
Sextant belonging to Robert Russell

H. G. Blair & Co. Cardiff & Barry
H. G. Blair & Co. Cardiff & Barry
Detail from sextant belonging to Robert Russell

Reynolds & Son, Ltd. Compass Adjustors
Reynolds & Son, Ltd. Compass Adjustors
From the inside of the wooden sextant box for Robert Russell's sextant

 

Hogarth & Sons Shipping

S.S. Baron Dalmeny

Built in 1900 by A Rodger & Company Port Glasgow, Yard No 354, Engines by Dunsmuir & Jackson, Glasgow. Owner: Hogarth Shipping Company, Ltd., Glasgow. Registered in Ardrossan. Launched Nov 10, 1900. In 1919, she was renamed the Nanna Stub, in 1922, the Elvenes, and in 1922 the Elven. On Oct 26, 1925, the ship was abandoned and presumed sunk in the North Atlantic on a voyage from Rotterdam to Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Riot Aboard Steamer
Riot Aboard Steamer
From the Washington Herald, Dec 27, 1913

 

British Registered Steam Vessels, 1904, S.S. Baron Dalmeny

Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, Baron Dalmeny, 1906

Certificates from the Agreement of Crew with stamps from Calcutta and Karachi
Certificates from the Agreement of Crew with stamps from Calcutta and Karachi
See original document

Shipping in Calcutta
Shipping in Calcutta

Old Courthouse Street, Calcutta, India, c 1910
Old Courthouse Street, Calcutta, India, c 1910

Docks of Karachi c. 1910
Docks of Karachi c. 1910

 

E. Hain & Son

SS Tregantle

SS Tregantle

Tregantle SS was a 3,091grt, British Merchant steamer. On the 22nd April 1916 when 1.5 miles ESE from Corton Light Vessel, Suffolk, she was torpedoed by German submarine U-16. Vessel was beached but declared a total loss. Owned by E. Hain & Son, St. Ives.

See Wreck Site - S.S. Tregantle, 1916

British Registered Steam Vessels, 1904, S.S. Tregantle

Robert Russell traveled aboard the SS Tregantle from Barry (Wales) to Alexandria and Port Said, Egypt, to Constantinople and Taganrog, Russia between June and November of 1906.

Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, Tregantle, 1906

Barry Docks c 1906
Barry Docks c 1906

Alexandria, Egypt c 1905
Alexandria, Egypt c 1905

Port Said, Egypt - Suez Canal Office c 1905
Port Said, Egypt - Suez Canal Office c 1905

British Vice Consulate, Taganrog, Russia, July 19, 1906
British Vice Consulate, Taganrog, Russia, July 19, 1906

 

 

 

1906 ..........

Robert Russell became a member of the Shipping Association Benefit Fund on Jan 25, 1906.

The Shipping Federation was founded in 1890, in order to promote the interests of shipowners. Its primary purpose was as "a fighting machine" to counter the increasing power of the seamens unions, and in particular J. Havelock Wilson's recently formed National Amalgamated Sailors' and Firemen's Union. As a strong advocate of free labour, the Federation was ruthless in its breaking of strikes, and these activities resulted in the liquidation of the NASFU in 1894. However, in the wake of the 1911 sailors and dock-workers' strike, the Federation began to recognise the place of the unions, and to work more closely with them. This was a process accelerated by the outbreak of war, during which period the Federation also over-saw the founding of the National Maritime Board. The Federation also became more involved in the training of seamen, and in 1918 the Gravesend Sea School was founded, shortly followed by others in Cardiff, Glasgow, Liverpool, London and Southampton. - from Archives Hub, University of Manchester, Reference: L.H. Powell The Shipping Federation: A History of the First Sixty Years, 1890-1950 London 1950

See Letter of recommendation from Captain of Tregantle, Port of Barry Dock, November 23, 1906

 

1907 ..........

Robert Russell was aboard the Glenisla from April, 1907, until March of 1908. The ship made trips to Barcelona and Malaga, Spain and Oran and Arzeu, Algiers.

British Registered Steam Vessels, 1904, S.S. Glenisla (Dundee, 1878)
 

J. Mitchell & Sons

SS Glenisla


Glenisla Ship's Bell
From the Shetland Museum and Archives

The Glenisla was an iron vessel built by W.B. Thompson, Dundee as yard number 22 and launched on 3rd January 1878. She was 1423 tons, 76.22 metres long by 9.93 metres wide with a draught of 6.17 metres, powered by a 150hp, 2 cylinder compound engine with 3 boilers.

She had a chequered career. On 31st August 1878 she is reported as colliding with the SS Albanian which had to be run ashore to prevent her sinking. On 12th March 1892 she was entering Aberdeen harbour with a cargo of esparto grass when she collided with the South side of Regent Bridge. On 31st October 1902 she ran into Brest harbour with her cargo of bales of esparto on fire. The damage to her hull and cargo was severe and it wasn't until the 15th November that she set sail for Cardiff for repairs. Following this incident the British Consul conveyed the thanks of the British Government to the commander of the French cruiser which accompanied her into the port, and to the harbour authorities for their part in getting the fire under control. He also thanked the commander of the Russian cruiser Gerzog Edinburgski whose crew also helped subdue the fire. On 18th December 1903 she collided with the SS Serbistan west of Dungeness during fog, suffering considerable damage to her starboard bow. On the 27th May 1908 she is reported to have been scuttled, again with a cargo of esparto.

At her time of loss she was owned by J. Mitchell & Sons, Dundee and on 24th November 1917 whilst voyaging from Newcastle to Slemmestad with a cargo of 2000 tons of coal, she collided with SS Glenelg which was being towed into Lerwick and sank. All 23 crew including Captain J. Mitchell were rescued. A subsequent inquiry found the Glenisla to be at fault.

She now lies just 20 minutes away from Lerwick harbour in 45 metres of water. She is upright and largely intact, but her wooden decking has rotted away leaving the wreck easy to explore. The engine room is open and accessible and has the three boilers lying together, two low down in the ship, with the third, up-ended in the middle. The spare prop lies in a tangle of girders and towards the bow there is a large steel mast on the port side lying on the seabed. Aft of the engines is a tiled area from a wash room or galley. The stern is again reasonably intact, although the prop has been salvaged. Her small defensive gun lies on the sand on the port side.

See Wreck Site - SS Glenisla, 1917

 

Certificates or Indorsements made by Consuls or by Officers in British Possessions Abroad

April 5-9, 1907 Newcastle-on-Tyne, England
April 11 Southshields, England
April 22-28 Barcelona, Spain
April 28-May 2 Oran, Algeria
May 18 Dundee, Scotland
May 31-June 3 Malaga, Spain
June 6-9 Dundee, Scotland
June 25-July 13 South Shields, England
July 24-30 Barcelona, Spain
July 31-Aug 1 Arzeu, Algeria
Aug 23 South Shields, England
Sept 2-5 Carthegena, Spain
Sept 6-11 Arzeu, Algeria
Sept 25 Dundee, Scotland
Sept 30 Blyth, England
Oct 10-14 Malaga, Spain
Oct 16-20 Oran, Algeria
Nov 2 Dundee, Scotland
Nov 9 South Shields, England
Nov 12 Newcastle, England
Nov 22-26 Carthegena, Spain
Nov 27-Dec 2 Arzeu, Algeria
Dec 19 Dundee, Scotland
Dec 24 South Shields, England
1908.........................................  
Jan 7-10 Carthegena, Spain
Jan 10-16 Arzeu, Algeria
Jan 25-29 Dundee, Scotland
Feb 4 South Shields, England
Feb 15-20 Carthegena, Spain
Feb 21-25 Arzeu, Algeria
March 10, 1908 Dundee, Scotland

Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, Glenisla, 1907
Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, Glenisla, 1908

Port d'Arzeu, Algers c. 1908
Port d'Arzeu, Algers c. 1908

Letter of recommendation from Captain of S.S. Glenisla, Port of Tayport, March 10, 1908

 

1908 ..........

Robert Russell boarded the Gloamin on March 31, 1908, and served aboard the ship until January of 1910, including four different trips to India with ports-of-call in the Sudan, Somalia, Ukraine, Russia and Mozambique.

 

R. A. Mudie & Sons

SS Gloamin 1910

SS Gloamin

R A Mudie and Sons were at Maritime Buildings , East Dock St, Dundee. The company owned three steamers in 1910- Aurora 748/76, Gloamin 2248/95 and Matin 2433/93. A separate company RA and JH Mudie was also listed at Virginia Buildings, Seagate, Dundee in 1910.( Village SS Co Ltd ). They owned the steamer Drumgeith 2472/05

Built By: A. McMillan & Son Dumbarton for Robert Mudie, "Corona", Broughty Ferry, Forfarshire
Last Name: PERTH (1913)
Launched: Monday, 21/10/1895
Built: 1895
Ship Type: Cargo
Tonnage: 3477 grt
Length: 344 feet
Breadth: 44.5 feet
Owner History:
R A Mudie & Sons, Dundee
1913 Western Australia Whaling Co., Larvik and later Norwegian owners
Status: Scrapped - 1933

"This picture of the Gloamin' was painted by Corpuz in Antwerp in 1910 for Capt Robert Russell, who was the first mate of the Gloamin' out of Dundee Scotland. The Gloamin' made short commercial hauls between Scotland and the continent. Capt Russell had just received his captain's license when he sailed on the Gloamin'. Someone (Daddy?) told me that the Capt was having breakfast in a cafe in Antwerp and drew pictures on the napkin to get bacon and eggs for breakfast. Mr. Corpoz approached him and offered to paint the Gloamin' for him." - Glenda Waugh

British Registered Steam Vessels, 1904, S.S. Gloamin
 

Certificates or Indorsements made by Consuls or by Officers in British Possessions Abroad

March 31, 1908 Sunderland, England
April 9 Middlesbrough, England
May 1-25 Suakin, Sudan
June 4-16 Bombay, India
July 22-29 Middlesbrough, England
Oct 12-29 Calcutta, India
Nov 8-19 Mormugao, India
Dec 23-29 Antwerp, Belgium
Jan 11, 1909 Cardiff, Wales
Feb 14 Djibouti, Somalia
Feb 22 Bombay, India
April 9 Cardiff, Wales
April 10 Barrow-in-Furness, England
April 28 Cardiff, Wales
May 13-24 Alexandria, Egypt
June 18-26 Cocanada, India
July 27-30 Marseilles, France
Aug 11-30 Mariupol, Ukraine
Sept 2-17 Novorossiysk, Russia
Oct 18-Nov 13 Maputo, Mozambique
Dec 3-14 Mormugao, India
Jan 16-22, 1910 Antwerp, Belgium
Jan 28 South Shields, England
 

Port Office Suakin, Vessell arrived May 1, and departed May 25, 1908
Port Office Suakin, Vessell arrived May 1, and departed May 25, 1908

From Agreement and Account of  Crew for the Gloamin, October, 1908
From Agreement and Account of  Crew for the Gloamin, October, 1908
See
original document

Old Courthouse Street, Calcutta, India, c 1910
Old Courthouse Street, Calcutta, India, c 1910

Coast of Somalia, Customs Agents
Coast of Somalia, Customs Agents
Photo by Chusseau Flaviens, c 1910

Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, Gloamin, 1908
Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, Gloamin, 1908-1909

Robert Russell's Mercantile Marine Continuous Certificate of Discharge
See other historical documents of
Captain Robert Russell.

 

1909 ..........

Robert (Bob) Russell married Agnes (Ethel) Effie Fortune Hunter on April 12, 1909, at the St. Paul's Episcopal Church in Dundee, Scotland.

Robert Russell & Agnes "Ethel" Hunter

 

Chesterfield Aimer Russell & James Grant Ingram

Chesterfield Aimer Russell married James Grant Ingram (born about 1880) on June 30, 1909, in Dundee. They had one child: James Russell Ingram (born May 21, 1910, in Dundee). - Glenda Waugh

The Dundee Directory for 1910-1911 and the one for 1911-1912 lists Robert Russell, mechanic, 327 Clepington Road. Frank Russell's address is also given as the same. The address on the marriage certificates for both Robert and Chesterfield was also 327 Clepington Road.

Map showing location of 327 Clepington St. just across the street from the Church on the corner of Neishfield St
Map showing location of 327 Clepington St. just across the street from the Church on the corner of Neishfield St
From the Plan of Dundee, Bartholomew Survey Atlas of Scotland, 1912

327 Clepington Road - 2010 Photo

 

1910 ..........

Robert Russell and Agnes Hunter were living in London, England. Their son Ronald Robert was born on Nov 27, 1910. - Glenda Waugh

 

1911 ..........

1911 Scotland Census - Fairmuir, Dundee
Robert, Frank & John Russell and Robert's grandsons
327 Clepington Road

Robert is a "mechanic in a jute mill", Frank is a "bookbinder" and John is a "teacher".
Robert is a "mechanic in a jute mill", Frank is a "bookbinder" and John is a "teacher".
See original document

1911 Scotland Census - St. John, Dundee
Ella Duff Russell with her grandmother
28 South Tay Street

1911 Census, Ella Duff Russell with her grandmother
See original document

1911 Scotland Census - Paisley, Renfrewshire
George Aimer Russell & Susan Melville and their daughter Christina Aimer Russell

1911 Scotland Census - George Aimer Russell & Susan Melville and their daughter Chrissie

George Aimer Russell's occupation is listed as "schoolmaster".
George Aimer Russell's occupation is listed as "schoolmaster".
Chrissie's place of birth is listed as Peterhead, Aberdeenshire.
See original document

George Aimer Russell was the rector of Paisley Grammar School in Renfrewshire, Scotland. "There have been many Rectors of this prestigious school over its history including George Aimer Russell at the turn of the 20th century..." - from Wikipedia

1911 Scotland Census - Portobell, South Leith, Edinburgh
Jessie Russell & Peter McKenzie and their family
including Eliza Aimer Russell, sister-in-law

Jessie Russell & Peter McKenzie and their family
Peter McKenzie's occupation is listed as "Sewing Machine Mechanic".
See original document

1911 Scotland Census - Fairmuir, Dundee
Chesterfield Aimer Russell & James Ingram and their son James
244 Clepington Road

Chesterfiled Aimer Russell & James Ingram and their son James
James Ingram, Sr. was born in Woodside, Aberdeenshire and his occupation was listed as "Grocery Manager".
See original document

William Ross Smith (Jessie Smith's brother) died of "senile heart changes" in Dundee on Oct 8, 1911, at the age of 71.

 

John (Jack) Russell married Catherine (Kitty) Smith on Jan 2, 1912, at her family home in Kelty, Fife, and Frank Russell was his witness. They had two children: Ernest (born Nov, 1912, in Gorebridge, Midlothian) and John Smith (born 1915 in Kelty, Fife). - Lindsay Russell, personal communication

Ernest Robert Russell & Margaret D. Bethell | John Smith Russell & Jane Wilson Lindsay Mackie

 

1914 ..........

We Remember

The Great War, 1914 - 1918

Austrian Heir and His Wife Murdered
Austrian Heir and His Wife Murdered
From New York Times, page 8, June 29, 1914

The assassination on 28 June 1914 of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, was the proximate trigger of the Great War. Long-term causes, such as imperialistic foreign policies of the great powers of Europe, such as the German Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, the Russian Empire, the British Empire, France, and Italy, played a major role. Ferdinand's assassination by a Yugoslav nationalist resulted in a Habsburg ultimatum against the Kingdom of Serbia. Several alliances formed over the past decades were invoked, so within weeks the major powers were at war; via their colonies, the conflict soon spread around the world. - From Wikipedia

Robert Russell
- Served Royal Navy -
(excerpt from the Powell River News, March, 1944)

Captain Russell was born in Dundee, Scotland, December 9, 1881. He assumed his first command in 1910 as master of a ship of the Cory Steamship Line out of London. During the First Great War he was in command of the Merchant Marine auxiliary to the Royal Navy. He was aboard the S.S. Deptford when it was sunk by a torpedo in the North Sea on February 24, 1915. The ship went down in three minutes and Captain Russell spent several hours in a lifeboat before being rescued. He also served on ships carrying supplies to British warships in the Dardenelles.

Robert Russell's certificates of discharge indicate that he was aboard the SS Deptford for Home Trade from July 3, 1913 to at least January 1, 1914 and the SS Sir Arthur for Home Trade and the Admiralty Service from March 13, 1915 to Dec 9, 1918.

The last moments of British battleship HMS Majestic,
The last moments of British battleship HMS Majestic,
torpedoed by the U-21 off Cape Helles, Dardanelles, on May 27, 1915

British War Medal
British
War Medal

Mercantile Marine War Medal
Mercantile Marine
War Medal

Robert Russell  received the British War Medal and the Mercantile Marine Medal on June 13, 1921,
for his service during World War I.

Robert Russell & Agnes "Ethel" Hunter

John & Robert Russell
Robert Russell on the right
Alhambra Studios, P.J. Blackbeard, Proprietor, 338 New Cross Road, London

Captain John Russell (seated on right)
Captain John Russell (seated on right)
Photo courtesy Lindsay Russell

Postcard from Jack Russell to Kitty, New Year, 1917
Postcard from John "Jack" Russell to Kitty, New Year, 1917
Courtesy of Lindsay Russell

Postcard from John "Jack" Russell to Kitty, New Year, 1917
Postcard from John "Jack" Russell to Kitty, New Year, 1917
Courtesy of Lindsay Russell


Postcard from John "Jack" Russell to Kitty, New Year, 1917
Courtesy of Lindsay Russell

Jack spent 2, possibly 3 years of WW1 in France. They lived at 144 Strathmartin Road, Dundee, and when Kitty was due to give birth to my father in August 1915, she went to stay with her parents, Catherine and Thomas Hellon Smith who lived in a house called Chipperkyle in Kelty, a small mining village in Fife. The message is written in pencil, rather smudged and faded, but I think it says - "How do  you like our Divisional P.C.? Sorry at not writing last night but was over at a fire at one of our Ammunition Dumps. It was a great sight. Tonight I have been at our Cinema which starts tomorrow night. Moi is in charge of it and we are getting things in order and testing the engine & machine. We start with the "Somme" films. Will write sure tomorrow. J."

Scala Theatre, Battle of the Somme

"John Russell was a Captain in the Army during World War I and continued to use the title afterwards. He was a schoolmaster, firstly in Wormit, a village in Fife, then Dalmally in Argyll in the early 1920s, and then for the remainder of his career in Aviemore, Invernessshire. When he retired he and Granny moved to Edinburgh. He died on 25 Jan 1958, Granny following him on April 13, 1959." - Lindsay Russell

 

 

Frank Russell married Jean Watterston (librarian, b. about 1888) on December 3, 1919, at the Mathers Hotel, Dundee. Jean was the daughter of William Arnot Watterston (law clerk) and his wife Annie (from 1901 Scotland Census).

They had three sons, George, Arnott and Watterston, known as Wattie, who was lost at sea off Hong Kong. - Lindsay Russell

Frank Watterston (Wattie) Russell was born in Dundee in 1920. - Scotland's People (no image)
William Arnot Watterston Russell was born Dec 26, 1922, in Monifieth. - from Scotsman.com Obituary
George Aimer Russell was born in Monifieth, Angus, in 1930. - Scotland's People (no image)

William Arnott Watterston Russell & Virginia Kemp | George Russell & Jeanine Suzanne Gahlinger

 

1921 ..........

Robert Russell, Sr., of 327 Clepington Road, Dundee, (Parish of Mains and Strathmartine) died on July 13, 1921, at the age of 75.


Trust Disposition and Settlement by Robert Russell
See original documet

Inventory of The Personal Estate of Robert Russell
Inventory of The Personal Estate of Robert Russell
See original document

 

Eliza Russell would continue to live at 327 Clepington Road until her death in 1956.

 

1926 ..........

Mr. Frank Russell, Dundee, speaks in the following article of the features of the business of book selling. My Business Secrets:  Book Treasures That Are Not.

1930 ..........

Robert Aimer Russell, watchmaker (son of David Smith Russell and Isabella Stewart Duff) married Violet Welch, jute weaver, on June 7, 1930, in Dundee. Robert's place of residence was given as 327 Clepington.

1936 ..........

Christina Aimer Russell & James Kay Horsburgh

Christina Aimer Russell married James Kay Horsburgh in Paisley on June 2, 1936. - Glenda Waugh

 

1938 ..........

SPORTS CHAMPIONS' WINNING SMILE

Flora Simpson and Frank Russell, who won the Sports Championships of Grove Academy, Broughty Ferry, in June
Frank "Wattie" Russell

Flora Simpson and Frank Russell, who won the Sports Championships of Grove Academy, Broughty Ferry, in June.

 

1939 ..........

"At 09:00 hrs on Sunday 3rd September 1939, the British government under Neville Chamberlain, issued an ultimatum to Germany demanding the immediate withdrawal of German troops from Poland. This ultimatum expired at 11:00 hrs the same day at which point war was declared by Great Britain. France declared later the same day at about 17:00 hrs. The 3rd September was a Sunday, and Mr. Chamberlain broadcast to the nation via the radio. At approximately 11:05 am air-raid warning sirens were sounded in the coastal towns of Folkestone and Dover. It turned out to be a false alarm due to an unidentified aircraft seem approaching the coast, and reported by the Royal Observer Corps."

"I am speaking to you from the Cabinet Room at 10 Downing Street.  This morning, the British Ambassador in Berlin handed the German government a final note, stating that unless we heard from them by 11 o'clock that they were prepared at once to withdraw their troops from Poland, a state of war would exist between us.  I have to tell you now that no such undertaking has been received, and that consequently this country is at war with Germany. The situation in which no word given by Germany's ruler could be trusted and no people or country could feel itself safe, has become intolerable.  And now we have resolved to finish it, I know that you will all play your part. May God bless you all.  And may He defend the right, for it is evil things that we shall be fighting against brute force, bad faith, injustice, oppression and persecution; and against them I am certain that right will prevail." - Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, speaking on the wireless, 3 Sept. 1939

 

1941 ..........

Frank Watterston "Wattie" Russell

Frank "Wattie" Russell, Hong Kong, c 1941
Corporal Frank "Wattie" Russell, Hong Kong, c 1941

Sai Wan War Memorial

1939 - 1945
THE OFFICERS AND MEN WHOSE MEMORY
IS HONOURED HERE
DIED IN THE DEFENCE OF HONG KONG
IN DECEMBER 1941
AND IN THE ENSUING YEARS OF CAPTIVITY
AND HAVE NO KNOWN GRAVE

 

Name: Frank Russell
Given Initials: F W
Rank: Corporal
Death Date: Dec 1941
Number: 2091087
Birth Place: Dundee
Residence: Dundee
Regiment at Enlistment: Royal Engineers
Branch at Enlistment: Other Corps
Theatre of War: Far East (other than places specified)
Regiment at Death: Royal Engineers
Branch at Death: Other Corps

Source Information: Ancestry.com. UK, Army Roll of Honour, 1939-1945 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2009. Original data: England. The National Archives. “War Office: Roll of Honour, Second World War.” Database. Army Roll of Honour 1939-45. Soldiers Died in World War Two. (WO304). CD Rom. Naval & Military Press. Description: This database contains the Roll of Honour – a listing of British Army casualties from World War II (WWII).

City of Dundee
Roll of Honour

World War II – 1939 to 1945
Name: Frank Watterston Russell
Age: 21
Address: unknown
Next of Kin: Son of Frank and Jean Watterston Russell of Monifieth, Angus.
Rank: Corporal
Number: 2091087
Served With: 40 Fortress Company, Royal Engineers
Force: Army
Date of Death: 19/12/1941
Place of Death: in the Far East
Historical Information: unknown
Cemetery/Memorial: Sai Wan Memorial, Hong Kong
Memorial Ref: Column 7
Location Details:

This memorial honours 2000 men of the land forces of the British Commonwealth and Empire, who died in the defense of Hong Kong during the Second World War. The memorial, which is in the form of a shelter building 24 metres long and 5.5 metres wide, stands at the entrance to Sai Wan Bay War Cemetery, outside Victoria, the capital of Hong Kong.

Information Source: - See original

Frank Watterston Russell was killed in action on Dec 19, 1941, and the British surrendered Hong Kong on Dec 25, 1941

The Garrison of Hong Kong in December 1941 comprised: Headquarters China Command; Royal Artillery and Royal Engineer units; Hong Kong and Singapore Royal Artillery; 2nd Battalion Royal Scots; 1st Battalion Middlesex (Machine Gun Battalion); Hong Kong Chinese Regiment; representatives of support Corps (Signals, Ordnance etc); the Hong Kong Volunteer Defence Corps (HKVDC) made up of a number of Companies including Number 2 (Scottish) Company; two recently arrived Canadian Regiments, The Winnipeg Grenadiers and the Royal Rifles of Canada ; two Indian regiments 5th/7th Rajput Regiment and 2/14 Punjab Regiment; a number of Royal Navy ships, Auxiliary Patrol Vessels and Merchant Navy Vessels; two Supermarine Walrus aircraft of the Fleet Air Arm; three Vickers Vildebeeste aircraft of the Royal Air Force and Police, Fire Brigade, Air Raid Precautions, Auxiliary Service, St John’s Ambulance and NAAFI Units. - From Scots at War - The Battle of Hong Kong 8th to 26th December 1941

The Invasion of Hong Kong...

Well before midnight on December 18th the 5/7th Rajputs ceased to exist as a fighting unit. Killed, wounded, captured, or simply isolated, they had been torn apart as the Japanese assault troops charged through them and made for higher ground. By dawn their assault has paused in the west thanks to the refusal of the HKVDC Hugheseliers to let them pass, but their penetration to the south has reached Wong Nai Chung Gap. The whole of December 19th is dominated by the fighting for the Gap. Initially defended simply by Lawson’s West Brigade HQ, 3 Coy HKVDC, elements of 5AA regiment, elements of the HKSRA, and the HQ of D Company Winnipeg Grenadiers, the battle sucks in A Coy Winnipeg Grenadiers, the entire 2nd battalion Royal Scots, Royal Engineers, and many odds and sods. The Japanese are soon effectively in control, but the day results in 451 fatalities amongst the defenders, the majority in this little valley. To avoid being cut off, Wallis ordered all elements of East Brigade to re-form in the hills north of Stanley. This well-chosen position would leave him in touch with West Brigade, with the insurance of the Stanley Peninsular to his south should he need to fall back. Unfortunately he did not know that Lawson had been killed at 07:00 that morning and thus West Brigade was not under effective control. - from Hong Kong War Diary

The Forcing of Wong Nai Chung Gap

The Japanese strategy was simple: take Wong Nai Chung Gap and continue south along Repulse Bay Road to split the island in two. This necessitated keeping East Brigade busy so they could not organise any useful counter-attack, while other Japanese forces concentrated on knocking out defenses on Jardine’s Lookout and Mount Nicholson (overlooking the Gap from the east and west respectively), and in the bottom of the Gap itself. Once this was done, and the strategically important Police Station at the south of the Gap was captured, the fighting moved south along Repulse Bay Road. In 1941 it was relatively sparsely populated, thus the skirmishes on this and later days were generally named after the isolated houses at or around which they occurred; from north to south: Postbridge, Altamira & The Ridge, Twin Brooks, Overbays, Repulse Bay Hotel, Eucliffe. This was by far the hardest day’s fighting, with the defenders losing in twenty-four hours approximately one third of their total fatalities. Losses to the attackers were probably in a similar ratio. By midnight, although there were still pockets of resistance, the Gap and the majority of the road were in all practical terms in Japanese hands. How far south Japanese forward patrols advanced along the road that day is uncertain, but there is a distinct possibility that a few small groups or individuals reached the south coast itself. - from the Hong Kong Veteran's Association - Battle of Hong Kong

Insignia of The Black Watch
Insignia of The Black Watch

William Arnot Watterston Russell served with the Black Watch (Royal Highlander Regiment), Second Battalion, in India during World War II and may also have served in operations deep inside Burma.

After its enormously varied war fighting in Somaliland, in Crete and at Tobruk, the 2nd Battalion was sent to India, which was under threat from the rapid Japanese advance through Malaya and Burma. There it was specially trained for participation in the Second Chindit Expedition. Divided into two columns and often working in smaller groups, the Battalion spent 5 months operating behind the Japanese lines, disrupting their communications, their supplies and flow of reinforcements. Resupplied entirely by air drop the columns attacked and ambushed enemy columns in savage actions, generally in thick jungle and in appalling conditions of heat and disease, made worse once the monsoon broke. The Battalion ended the War training as a parachute unit for the planned invasion of Malaya. - from The Black Watch

February 1942 - 19 Aug 1944: India and Burma
As part of 70th Division the battalion went late in February to Bombay and spent the next 19 months on security duties in India. The division was then converted into 'Chindits', the force under General Wingate with the task of penetrating behind Japanese lines in Burma. This involved breaking up the normal formation of the battalion into two raiding 'columns', which were numbered 73 and 42. Training in this new role began in October 1943 in the Central Provinces of India. Over five days from 21 March 1944 the two columns were flown from Lalaghat to a landing strip (called "Aberdeen") in the Meza valley, only two days march from the Japanese garrison of Indaw. The first serious action was a successful ambush of Japanese travelling in three trucks during the night of 5/6 April. By this time there were already numbers of sick and wounded men, some of whom were successfully operated on in primitive conditions by the two medical officers before being evacuated by air. The next engagement was on the 10th when 42 column carried out a successful raid on a Japanese dump supported by coordinated and immaculately timed air attacks by American bombers and fighter aircraft. There followed some weeks of confused marching and counter-marching in increasingly hot and wet jungle conditions before another successful ambush, set up by 73 column during the night of 5/6 May, inflicted heavy casualties on the Japanese. This was followed by an even larger ambush early on the 8th when it was discovered that the Japanese greatly outnumbered the Black Watch. This led to a prolonged battle in which large numbers of Japanese were killed and wounded, and the remains of 73 column did not reach the 'safe harbour' held by the rest of the battalion until nearly 3.0pm next day. Although these units were now reaching very near the limit of time which General Wingate (who had been killed some weeks earlier) had decided was the maximum troops should operate in jungle conditions at one stretch, they were given no respite. After moving north on foot in extremely bad monsoon conditions they reached the top of Kyusunlai Pass on 26 May. There they endured frequent Japanese raids and themselves carried out patrols, some lasting several days. On 22 June heavy demolitions were carried out on the Pass and they began a series of moves further north in even more atrocious conditions. They suffered some casualties in short engagements with small parties of Japanese, but over the next few weeks even more from sickness and fatigue. Although pitifully under strength a successful full scale attack to drive the Japanese out of a strongly held village was mounted on 6 August. On the 19th what was left of the battalion was flown back to Assam.
- From The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) - 2nd Battalion

 

1944 ..........

Robert Russell, Jr, died on March 1, 1944 (from obituary), in Powell River, British Columbia, Canada, at the age of 61. See The Russell Family During World War II.

The MacKenzie Family, Hillside, Monktonhall, Musselburgh, Edinburgh 1944
The MacKenzie Family, Hillside, Monktonhall, Musselburgh, Edinburgh 1944
Standing Back: Stuart "Stoorie" Chrystal; Standing left to right: Russell, Violet, Jenny, Jessie (Nette) and Jack Russell
Seated front row chairs, left to right: Kitty Russell,  Peter?, unidentified, Vi and unidentified
Boys on the ground: Ian? and Alexander (Sandy)?

I saw on your website the "little black book" entry for Jessie MacKenzie at Hillside, Monktonhall, Musselburgh. This photo was taken there in 1944. My father wrote the names on the back, but not those of the the children(!), and did not identify relationships. Violet was able to clarify that for me, including herself aged 4. She had not seen this picture before and was thrilled and hopes to share it with her cousins, the small boys. Standing, left to right, Russell, Violet (known as Vi), Jenny and Jessie. Jessie hated her name and changed it to Jeanette, shortened to Nette. Russell and Jenny's 3 sons, Peter, Ian and Alexander (Sandy). Vi's husband was Stuart (known as Stoorie) Chrystal, the tall man at the back, and their daughter Violet is leaning against her Gran. Kitty Russell my grandmother is seated on the left, and Jack Russell is standing on the right. The person conspicuously missing from the photo is Uncle Peter, whom we both remember, maybe he took it? Hope all that makes sense. - Lindsay Russell

Jessie Russell Mackenzie, Hillside, Monkton Hall, Mussellborough, Edinburgh
Jessie Russell Mackenzie, Hillside, Monkton Hall, Mussellborough, Edinburgh
From Jock Waugh's "little black book"

1560254 Lac Peter Mackenzie, "A" Flight, 76 Squadron,
1560254 Lac Peter Mackenzie, "A" Flight, 76 Squadron,
RAF Station, Holme on Spalding Moor (East) near York, Yorkshire
From Jock Waugh's "little black book"

RAF Holme-on-Spalding Moor (RAF Holme): Operational command of the station was given to 1 Group of RAF Bomber Command. The first squadron allocated to Holme was 458 Squadron Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) equipped with Vickers Wellington aircraft. Arriving in August 1941, the squadron conducted its first operation in October 1941 and remained until January 1942. No squadrons were allocated until the extension of the runways was completed and it was August 1942 before one flight of the Handley Page Halifax equipped 460 Squadron RAAF arrived. This stay only lasted a few weeks before the 460 Squadron aircraft left and 101 Squadron RAF arrived on transfer from 3 Group. 101 Squadron was in the process of re-equipping with Avro Lancaster aircraft and did not fly any operations until November 1942. In June 1943, a reorganisation of group boundaries within Bomber Command saw the station transferred from 1 Group to 4 Group. This change in command resulted in a change of squadrons with 101 Squadron being replaced by the Halifax equipped 76 Squadron RAF. 76 Squadron remained at Holme until after the end of the war in Europe. 4 Group transferred from Bomber Command to Transport Command in May 1945 and during its final weeks at Holme 76 Squadron was re-equipped with the Douglas C-47 Skytrain (or Dakota as it was known in the RAF). The Dakotas of 76 Squadron were replaced by the same of 512 Squadron in July 1945 before 512 Squadron left in October 1945. From February 1944 to May 1945 also based at Holme was 1689 Bomber (Defence) Training Flight who flew Hawker Hurricane aircraft on fighter affiliation duties. Also based at Holme during 1943-1944 was 1520 Beam Approach Training (BAT) Flight of 23 (Training) Group, Flying Training Command flying Airspeed Oxford aircraft. - from Wikipedia

 

1945 ..........

 

1948 ..........

William A. "Arnot" W. Russell was President of the St. Andrews University Mountaineering Club from 1948-1950.

 

1951 ..........

Supplement to the London Gazette, 29 May 1951

Lt. William Arnot Watterston Russell (360038)

Glenalmond (Trinity College) Congratulations
Lt. William Arnot Watterston Russell (360038)
(Black Watch, Emergency Commission) to be Lt., 23rd March, 1951
See original document

 

1953 ..........

George Aimer Russell died on Dec 17, 1953, in Dundee, at the age of 81.

Former Rector Dies in Dundee
Former Rector Dies in Dundee, Mr. George Aimer Russell
See
The Paisley Grammar School

Royal Astronomical Society, Annual General Meeting, 1953
Royal Astronomical Society, Annual General Meeting, 1953

George Aimer Russell & Jeanine Suzanne Gahlinger

George Aimer Russell (son of Frank and Jean) married Jeanine Suzanne Gahlinger (daughter of Charles Gahlinger, Director of Keillers, Dundee) in Dundee in June, 1953. They had two children: Derek Watterston Russell (born 1959) and Fiona Gahlinger Russell (born 1962) - Derek Russell

Derek Watterston Russell & Elaine Moles

 

1956 ..........

Eliza Aimer Russell died in Dundee on June 18, 1956, at the age of 72. She was still living in the family home at 327 Clepington, Dundee. See the Abstract of Account of Charge and Discharge of the Intromissions of the Executor of the late Miss Eliza Aimer Russell with the funds of the Estate.

327 Clepington Road Modern Photo

 

1958 ..........

John Russell died on 25 Jan 1958, Granny following him on April 13, 1959." - Lindsay Russell, personal communication

William Arnot Watterston Russell married Virginia Kemp in 1958. They had three children: Gillian (born 1960); Lindsay (born 1961?); and Keith (born 1964?).  - Derek Russell

From Frank Russell, July, 1958: Born in Dundee in 1874. I celebrated my 83rd Birthday on the 9th of this month – my father was also a Dundonian – a Lane running from Mid Street down to Victoria Road. Russell Lane so called because my Grandfather had a file cutting business there. My Great Grand Uncle George Aimer was a merchant in Dundee and is buried in the Howff – just a stones throw from my shop in 26 Barrack Street. I attended Ann Street School. Then in 1887 I began an apprenticeship as a bookbinder –seven years- journeyman and seven years in charge of that department, with the well known firm of Wm Kidd and Sons in Whitehall St. I left Kidds and went to be manager with George Findlay and organise a binding department there. I was now ever anxious to start a business on my own account and in 1915 opened my present shop at 26 Barrack Street. Emblazoned on my door “Books on every conceivable subject from earliest printed tomes to latest publications”. I had continued my education by attending evening classes, first at Harris Academy with training college students. Physics and advanced English. I had also two courses at University College in English Literature. Thereupon at the South Kensington examination in Elementary and Advanced Botany, Physiography, physics and Geology and gained the gold medal as best student of the year. I was always interested in religious work and was Sunday school teacher, superintendent and secretary of Princes St, Monifieth Congregational Church. I have preached in 60 different churches in Dundee and district. In 1919 I married Miss Jean Watterston assistant librarian at University College and later first Carnegie Librarian at Perth. - Courtesy of Derek Russell

 

1959 ..........

Frank Russell died on May 23, 1959, in Dundee. He was 84. Read the article in the Dundee newspaper May 25, 1959: "Mr. Russell had been confined to bed for a month. He lived at 47 Princes Street, Monifieth, and is survived by his wife and two sons. The sons are Messrs George A. Russell, a clerk at the Lochee branch of the Royal Bank of Scotland, and Mr. William A. W. Russell, who teaches science at Trinity College, Glenalmond."

"I also just about remember Uncle Frank. The bookshop kept his name for a long time after he retired. He was very well known and well thought of in Dundee, and the obituary on your site bears that out. I've never seen it before. A popular Scottish novelist called Kate Atkinson mentions the shop in her book "Emotionally Weird".  Frank's widow Jean died on 14 March 1982 age 94, I have no memory of her. My father, also called John, but always known as Iain, never talked much about his family and didn't keep in contact with anyone. I don't think there was any animosity, he just didn't seem to be interested, a pity." - Lindsay Russell, personal communication

Obituary of Jean Watterston

Russell - At Perth Royal Infirmary, on Sunday, March 14, 1982, Jean Watterston, aged 94 years, of 47 Princes Street, Monifieth, beloved wife of the late Frank Russell (bookseller), and dear mother of Arnott and George and the late Wattie. Service at Dundee Crematorium on Thursday, March 18, at 1:30 pm. to which all friends are invited.

 

1975 ..........

Supplement to the London Gazette, 27th May 1975

Trinity College, Lt (Hon Maj) W. A. W. Russell (360038) retired

The following officers are awarded the Cadet Forces Medal:
Trinity College, Lt (Hon Maj) W. A. W. Russell (360038) retired
See original document

 

2005 ..........

William Arnot Watterston Russell died on April 11, 2005, in Crieff, Scotland, at the age of 82.

"My granny was called Sis by her family even though her name was Jean. She was very musical and played the piano. My Dad Arnot died here in Inverness with the whole family looking after him. He was a very good golfer (scratch golfer at St Andrews). He climbed and spent the war in India and seemed to wangle a climbing expedition to the Himalayas. He gave up climbing when we came on the scene and took up skiing. He was very good with children and dogs! He used to say Wattie was very sporty and competitive! I think Wattie studied architecture. He used to talk about Jimmy Ingram and Bunty and joked about having an aunt Chesterfield. I have a photo of Frank outside the Dundee university bookshop he owned and mum has quite a few. I will see her soon and sort them out. We live in Inverness and have 3 boys, I often think of granny and her 3 and 2 going off to war, one never returning." - Lindsay Russell Macvicar, Feb 16, 2012

Robert Russell & Agnes "Ethel" Hunter

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