The Russell Family
An historical and photographic perspective

The Russell Family in London, England, Post World War I

Robert Russell's Mercantile Marine Continuous Certificate of Discharge | Historical documents of Captain Robert Russell


Liverpool Street Station, London c. 1920

 

1919 ..........

Reggio Calabria, Messina, and Palermo, Italy

In the months immediately after the Armistice Robert Russell was still serving aboard the S.S. Sir Arthur. The Agreement and Account of Crew for the SS Sir Arthur indicates that it was in Reggio Calabria, Messina, and Palermo, Italy in January of 1919, and probably still involved in supplying and/or evacuating troops in the Dardanelles. It also indicates that one of the crew had deserted and was left behind in Messina, Italy.

Cory Colliers

S.S. Sir Arthur


S.S. Pendennis

The Pendennis SS, official number 129164, was built at Sunderland in 1911 by Messrs. S. P. Austin and Son, Ltd. She was then known as the S.S. "Sir Arthur." She was a steel single screw steamship of gross tonnage 2,001.23, net 1,161.33; length 280 ft., beam 40.5 ft., depth 21.5 ft. She was fitted with triple expansion engines of 207 horse power nominal. She had a single deck, large hatches, and was what is called a self-trimmer.

She had six hatches which fed four holds. No. 1 hatch led into No. 1 hold. Nos. 2 and 3 hatches into No. 2 hold. Nos. 4 and 5 hatches into No. 3 hold. No. 6 hatch into No. 4 hold. Her steering gear was of the rod and chain type. At the time of her loss she was owned by the Pendennis Steamship Co., Ltd., who purchased her in 1929 for 15,200 and renamed her "Pendennis." She had been known by a number of different names during her career.

See Wreck Site - S.S. Pendennis 1935

Mercantile Navy List and Maritime Directory, 1913 - S.S. Sir Arthur

Half-Yearly Agreement and Account of Voyages and Crew, Home Trade, SS Sir Arthur, June 30, 1918
Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, SS Sir Arthur, Dec 14, 1918
Half-Yearly Agreement and Account of Voyages and Crew, Home Trade, SS Sir Arthur, Dec 31, 1918

Certificates of Consul or by Officers in British Possessions Abroad
Certificates of Consul or by Officers in British Possessions Abroad
See original document

"I hereby certify that Arie Overhand has been left behind at the port of Messina on the alleged ground of desertion and that I have inquired into the matter and find that the allegation is true and that a proper entry of such desertion in the official log has been produced by me." - W.A. Morrison

Half-Yearly Agreement and Account of Voyages and Crew, Home Trade, SS Sir Arthur, June 30, 1919

 

SS War Dart

After his service aboard the S.S. Sir Arthur (and from 1919 until 1924), Robert Russell served aboard the SS War Dart (Cory Colliers) and the Dresden (owned by Mann, MacNeal & Co., Glasgow) on "Foreign and Coasting". The voyages included ports-of-call of Nantes and Bayonne, France, and a trip to Christiania, Norway.

WW I Standard Built Ships: During the 1914-18 war, over nine million gross tons of British ships were lost due to enemy action. These losses reached a peak in the three months ending June 1917 when over 1.4 million gross tons were sunk. However, at the end of 1916 a Shipping Controller was appointed by the British Government with wide powers to provide and maintain an effective supply of shipping. An extensive shipbuilding programme was started and it was decided that ships would be of a simple design and standardised as far as possible with hulls and engines. Orders were also placed for ships in the United States through the Cunard Steamship Co and a considerable number built in Canada. In the Far East, orders were placed for steamers built in Japan and also with British shipyards in Hong Kong and Shanghai. All these vessels were given names prefixed with WAR, but just after the United States entered the war in 1917, they requisitioned all ships being built and only a few were delivered bearing their original intended names. Many of these cancelled names were re-allocated to British built ships. After the Armistice in 1918, many of the standard ships being built were sold to shipping companies and completed to their owners specifications. Excluding orders to United States shipyards, 821 ships were ordered. 416 were completed to Government order, 279 were sold to private companies before completion and the remaining orders were cancelled. Fourteen of these ships were lost in WWI, but they were lost in large numbers during WWII. - Ted Finch and Gilbert Provost

WAR DART: Shipping Controller, managed by MacAndrews & Co; 1919 CORSTAR, Cory Colliers Ltd, London; 1946 Wm Cory & Sons, London;  1952 NEVIYE, Fuad Muradoglu ve Hilmi Daregenli Vapurculuk Sirketi, Istanbul;  1954 Hilmi Daregenli, Istanbul;  1961 scrapped Spezia. See P&O Heritage Ship Fact Sheet - Corstar

Mercantile Navy List and Maritime Directory, 1919 - S.S. War Dart

Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, War Dart, April 19, 1919
Half-Yearly Agreement and Account of Voyages and Crew, Home Trade, Corstar (War Dart), Jan 2, 1920

 

1921 ..........

Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes

Robert Russell joined the Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes (Apollo Lodge No 64 of Sunderland, England) on March 20, 1921. See Certificate of Membership, Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes, March 20, 1921 (pdf)

 

Authority to Wear War Medals for the Mercantile Marine

Authority to Wear War Medals for the Mercantile Marine, June 13, 1921
Authority to Wear War Medals for the Mercantile Marine, June 13, 1921
See original document

British War Medal
British
War Medal

Mercantile Marine War Medal
Mercantile Marine
War Medal

He  received the British War Medal and the Mercantile Marine Medal on June 13, 1921, for his service during World War I.

 

London, England

Ron Russell, London, England, c 1921
Ron Russell
75 Bexhill Road,
London, England, c 1921

Winnie Russell, London, England, c 1921
Winnie Russell
Peckham County School
London, England, c 1921

Cleethorpes

Ron and Winifred Russell
Ron & Winnie Russell c. 1921
J.W. Hardy, Cleethorpes

2010 Photo of 75 Bexhill Road, London England

 

1922 ..........

Violet Joy Russell

Violet Joy Russell was born on August 8, 1922, in London, England.

Winifred, Joy and Ron Russell, London, Egland, c 1922
Winnie, Joy and Ron Russell
London, England, c 1922

 

1924 ..........

S.S. Dresden

On March 20, 1924, Robert Russell boarded the S.S. Dresden in London for a trip to Norway. He was discharged from the ship in London on May 17.

 Mann, MacNeal & Co.

S.S. Dresden

S.S. Dresden

The Dresden was an 877 ton steamship built in Dundee in 1884 for the Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway Co., Goole. It was sold to the West Hartlepool Steam Navigation Company in 1907, and to Mann, Macneal and Co., Glasgow in 1916. It was broken up at Charlestown, Fife, in 1925.

Mercantile Navy List and Maritime Directory, 1919 - S.S. Dresden
Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, Dresden, March 20, 1924
Letter of recommendation from Captain of Dresden, May 28, 1924

 

Reparation Under the Treaty of Peace with Germany

Reparation Under the Treaty of Peace with Germany
Reparation Under the Treaty of Peace with Germany

In May of 1924, Robert Russell applied for War Reparations for the loss of his personal effects from the sinking of the Deptford on Feb 24, 1915. He received a grant with respect to his claim on Sept 1, 1925.

 

S.S. Newquay / S.S. Maidenhead

Robert Russell boarded the Newquay in Hull, England (near Grimsby) on May 31, 1924, for a voyage to the River Platte, Argentina. The ship arrived in Rosario, Argentina on July 24, 1924, and departed for home from Buenos Aires on August 2. It arrived back in Cardiff on Sept 24. In 1924, the Newquay was bought by the Britain Steamship Co. and renamed the Maidenhead. Robert Russell boarded the Maidenhead on Nov 19, 1924 and would continue serving aboard this ship until his retirement from the merchant marine on May 13, 1929.

Newcastle Steamship Co. Watts, Watts Co.

S.S. Newquay / S.S. Maidenhead

The SS Newquay, Maidenhead, Mount Ithome, Monrovia and Venezia
The SS Newquay, Maidenhead, Mount Ithome, Monrovia and Venezia

The Newquay was built in 1914 by the Newcastle Steamship Co. Ltd, in Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, England. It was renamed the Maidenhead in 1924, the SS Mount Ithome in 1936, the SS Monrovia in 1940 and the SS Venezia in 1942. The SS Venezia was an Italian cargo steamer that was sunk in an air raid at Messina, Italy on July 14, 1943.

See Wreck Site, SS Venezia, 1943

Mercantile Navy List and Maritime Directory, 1924 - S.S. Newquay
Mercantile Navy List and Maritime Directory, 1925 - S.S. Maidenhead

Certificates or Indorsements made by Consuls or by Officers in British Possessions Abroad

May 31, 1924 Hull, England
July 24-28 Rosario, Argentina
July 31-Aug 2 Buenos Aires, Argentina
Sept 24-25 Cardiff, Wales
Nov 19 South Shields, England
Nov 27-Dec 4 Spezia, Italy
Dec 5-13 Leghorn, Italy
Dec 16-26 Carthagena, Italy
1925.........................................  
Jan 21-24 Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Feb 8-9 Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Feb 26-March 2 Baltimore, Maryland, USA
March 18-19 Baltimore, Maryland, USA
April 3-7 Baltimore, Maryland, USA
April 21-22 Baltimore, Maryland, USA
May 7-8 Baltimore, Maryland, USA
June 16-17 Baltimore, Maryland, USA
July 2-3 Baltimore, Maryland, USA
July 18-20 Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Aug 4 Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Aug 6-7 Norfolk, Virginia, USA
Aug 7-8 Newport News, Virginia, USA
Sept 8-9 Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Sept 22-28 Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Oct 13-15 Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Oct 16 Newport News, Virginia, USA
Oct 24-27 St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands
Nov 9 Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Nov 24-25 Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Nov 26-27 Newport News, Virginia, USA
Dec 4-7 St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands
Dec 15-19 Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Dec 21 Newport News, Virginia, USA
1926.........................................  
Jan 26-27 Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Feb 14-March 1 Baltimore, Maryland, USA
March 2-4 Newport News, Virginia, USA
March 21-26 Oporto, Portugal
April 2-10 South Shields, England
May 7-21 Montreal, Quebec, Canada
June 7-8 Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada
June 18 Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada
Oct 21-23 Rotterdam, Holland
Nov 10-16 Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada
Nov 20-22 Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Dec 12-18 Rotterdam, Holland
1927.........................................  
Jan 20-Feb 3 Bahia Blanca, Argentina
March 16-21 Antwerp, Belgium
March 28-April 13 South Shields, England
April 27-29 Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada
May 5-6 Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
May 24-25 Montreal, Quebec, Canada
June 15-16 Trois Rivieres, Quebec, Canada
June 19-23 Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada
July 11 Montreal, Quebec, Canada
July 20-21 Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Aug 19-20 Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
Aug 31 Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Sept 26-27 Rotterdam, Holland
Oct 14-16 Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada
Nov 4-5 Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada
Nov 10-18 Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Dec 6-8 Rotterdam, Holland
Dec 12-23 Barry, Wales
1928.........................................  
Jan 25-27 Buenos Aires, Argentina
Jan 30-Feb 11 Bahia Blanca, Argentina
March 26-April 10 Civitavecchia, Italy
April 26 South Shields, England
May 11-12 Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada
May 19-22 Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada
June 18-19 Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Aug 18 Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Oct 16 Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada
Nov 16-22 Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Dec 11-13 Hamburg, Germany
Dec 18 Cardiff, Wales

Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, Newquay, May 30, 1924
Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, Maidenhead, 1926
Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, Maidenhead, March 23, 1927
Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, Maidenhead, Sept 27, 1927

Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, Maidenhead, 1928

Buenos Aires, Argentina

British Consulate, Rosario, Argentine
British Consulate, Rosario, Argentine
See original document

Map showing Rosario and Buenos Aires, Argentina
Map showing Rosario and Buenos Aires, Argentina
From The World, Colonial Possessions and Commercial Highways, 1910

Map showing Rosario, Buenos Aires and the Rio de la Plata, Argentina c. 1920
Map showing Rosario, Buenos Aires and the Rio de la Plata, Argentina c. 1920

Buenos Aires, Argentina c 1920
Buenos Aires, Argentina c 1920

London, England

Marble Arch, London c 1920
Marble Arch, London c 1920

 

Joy (Bunty) Russell, c 1926
Joy (Bunty) Russell, c 1924
 

Jean Hunter, Jack Drury, Joy, Winnie & Ron Russell c 1924
Jean Hunter & Jack Drury (?),
Joy, Winnie & Ron Russell
London, England c 1924

 

1926 ..........

London, England

Joy (Bunty) Russell c 1928
Joy (Bunty) Russell, c 1926
Alhambra Studios, London

Winifred Russell, c 1925
Winifred Russell, c 1926
 

Winifred and Joy Russell
Winnie & Joy Russell c. 1926
Alhambra Studios, London

 

Ron Russell, Alhambra Studios, London, c 1926
Ron Russell, c 1926
Alhambra Studios, P.J. Blackbeard, Proprietor
338 New Cross Road, London

Off to Canada

R.M.S. Austonia
R.M.S. Ausonia

Ron Russell left London, England aboard the Cunard Lines RMS Ausonia on May 21, 1926, and arrived in Quebec, Canada on May 30, 1926, at the age of 15. He was on his way to Powell River, B.C.. Powell River was chosen as a great place for Ron to play football (soccer). His aunt Jean (Hunter Family) and her husband Jack Drury had moved to Powell River sometime c 1919. On the Canadian Immigration form, John Drury's address was given as 801 Maple Ave., Powell River, B.C., and his mother's address as 75 Bexhill Rd., Crofton Park, London. His intended occupation was listed as "clerk" in "Paper Mills". He was also listed as a "Landed Immigrant".

 

1927 ..........

S.S. Maidenhead

On October 15, 1927, there was an explosion aboard the Maidenhead at 6:30 P.M. near Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada, on a trip to Montreal from Rotterdam, Holland.

Robert Russell, Certificate of Discharge, Dec 12, 1927
Robert Russell, Certificate of Discharge, Dec 12, 1927
See original document

S.S. Maidenhead, Chief Officer Robert Russell, London, England
S.S. Maidenhead, Chief Officer Robert Russell, London, England
Read the full report of Nov 11, 1927

 

Winifred Russell

On October 19, 1927, Winifred Russell received a letter of recommendation from Miss M. Knight of The County Secondary School, Peckham, indicating that "Winifred Russell has been a pupil in this school since October 1924, when she entered with a Free Place gained in a competitive examination. She has worked steadily and shown intelligence and interest. It is her ambition to qualify as a teacher; her bright and pleasant manner, common sense and good principles should go far to fit her for that career, and she can be relied upon to work hard. Her Gymnastics and Games are good, she is Gymnastic Captain... and a Section Leader, and shows herself capable and helpful."

Montreal, Canada

Soon afterwards she boarded a ship with her sister Joy and her mother, and was off to Montreal, Canada.
See embarkation document

SS Montnairn c 1927
SS Montnairn, Canadian Pacific Line, 1927

Canadian Passenger Lists

Name: Ethel Russell
Gender: Female
Age: 45
Estimated birth year: abt 1882
Birth Country: Scotland
Date of Arrival: 11 Nov 1927
Vessel: Montnairn
Port of Arrival: Quebec
Port of Departure: Southampton, England
Roll: T-14740

Source Information: Ancestry.com. Canadian Passenger Lists, 1865-1935 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. Original data: Passenger Lists, 18651935. Microfilm Publications T-479 to T-520, T-4689 to T-4874, T-14700 to T-14939, C-4511 to C-4542. Library and Archives Canada, n.d. RG 76-C. Department of Employment and Immigration fonds. Library and Archives Canada Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Description: Passenger lists of ships arriving in various Canadian ports as well as some eastern U.S. ports from 18651935 are indexed this database. These lists served as the immigration records for Canada between these years and information that is included are surname, age, gender, marital status, destination, occupation, birth country, etc.

Ethel Russell (45), Winifred Russell (14) and Joy Russell (4)
Ethel Russell (45), Winifred Russell (14) and Joy Russell (4)

 

1929 ..........

S.S. Fair River. Glasgow to Montreal

Robert Russell's last recorded voyage in his Certificate of Discharge was aboard the Maidenhead arriving back into South Shields on May 13, 1929, but a Letter of Recommendation from Paterson Steamship Lines dated July 10, 1929, indicates that he was Master of the S.S. Fair River on a voyage from Glasgow to Montreal.

N.M. Paterson & Sons

 S.S. Fairriver

S.S. Fairriver
Photo courtesy of University of Detroit Mercy

Built by Barclay Curle & Company (Yard No 635), Glasgow, Scotland. Launched May 9, 1929. Bulk freighter FAIRRIVER. Official Canada No. 161524. Of 1,940 gross tons; 1,160 tons register. Built Whiteinch, G. B., 1929. Home port, Montreal, Que. 252.7 x 43.3 x 17.8 Owned by Sarnia Steamships Ltd., of Sarnia, Ont. List of Vessels on the Registry Books of the Dominion of Canada on December 31, 1940. Scrapped at Port Dalhousie, Ontario in 1961 or 1962.

Mercantile Navy List and Maritime Directory, 1930 - S.S. Fairriver
Ship Information Data Base, Canada - Fairriver
Agreement and Account of Crew, Foreign-Going Ship, Fairriver, May 25, 1929

Letter of Recommendation from Paterson Steamship Lines dated July 10, 1929

Robert Russell, 801 Maple Ave, Powell River, B.C., Canada
Robert Russell, 801 Maple Ave, Powell River, B.C., Canada, Fairriver Crew Agreement

The Russell Family in Powell River, British Columbia, Canada

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